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8 Cards in this Set

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Define Crime

An act committed in violation of the law where the consequence is punishment. Ways

Ways of Measuring Crime:


1) Official Statistics

Government records of the total number of crimes reported to the police and recorded in official figures.


Published in the Home office

Ways of Measuring Crime


2) Victim surveys


Records of people’s experiences of crime over a specific period

Ways of measuring crimes


3) Offender Surveys

A self report measure that requires people to record the number of times and types of crime they committed over a period of time.

Ways of measuring crimes


3) Offender Surveys

A self report measure that requires people to record the number of times and types of crime they committed over a period of time.

What is offender profiling ?

An investigative tool employed by the police when solving crimes, the main aim is to narrow the field of enquiry and the list of likely suspects.

What is the Top-down approach?

Profilers start with a pre- established typology and work down go assign offenders to one of two categories : disorganised / organised.

Typology

Describe the characteristics of an organised and disorganised offender?

Organised : an offender who shows evidence of planning, deliberately targets the victim, above average intelligence.


Disorganised: show evidence of planning, event may be spontaneous, tend to have a lower than average IQ.