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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. The use of the literature in a qualitative study tends to differ from its use in a quantitative study in what way:

a. It has more value or quality to it.
b. It has more citations to qualitative studies.
c. It justifies the importance of the problem.
d. It has fewer references to the literature.
2. The literature review procedure of going to a library and scanning the table of contents of key journals for the last 10 years would be especially helpful in:

a. identifying key terms for a literature search
b. understanding the literature on a topic
c. keeping updated on the scholarly literature
d. identifying importance journals for literature searches
3. Identify the approaches useful in locating literature for a literature review: (check all that apply)

a. ask faculty to recommend good articles on a topic
b. look at the references at the end of published journal articles
c. use resources in an academic library
d. run a search of a computerized data base, such as ERIC
4. You read the following description of a study in a journal article: “Smith (1993) identified three strategies department chairs used in universities to help mentor faculty who aspire to become good teachers: class visits, discussions with master teachers, and organized classroom discussions.” This quote illustrates what type of source of information for a literature review:

a. a direct source from the author of a published research study
b. a source of primary information useful in a literature review
c. a source of secondary information useful in a literature review
d. a source of tertiary information useful in a literature review
5. If you are new to a topic and have not studied or read about it before, it is useful to begin your literature review by consulting:

a. papers posted to Web sites
b. conference papers
c. books reporting research studies
d. summaries such as encyclopedias
6. If you were to set a priority on searching one database for your educational literature review for a study, what database would you search?

b. PsycINFO
c. Sociofile
7. For what reason would you be cautious about using papers posted to Web sites on the Internet for your literature review:

a. The papers may be difficult to locate with the search engine.
b. The papers would take a long time to print out.
c. The papers may not be screened for high quality.
d. The papers may be off-topic to the topic you plan to study.
8. Using the computerized ERIC system, what procedure is often used to narrow a topic to locate a reasonable number of ERIC documents?

a. searching through a Thesaurus of terms
b. combining terms in your search
c. limiting the search process to the last 20 years
d. having a good understanding of your topic at the outset
9. You are examining a research study that you have found in your ERIC search. The task now is to determine if the study is a relevant one to use in your literature review. What factor below is NOT a criterion that you might employ?

a. The literature focuses on the same topic as your proposed study.
b. The literature examines the same population that you plan to study.
c. The literature can be located and obtained from your academic library.
d. The literature is in a readily accessible form, such as a journal article.
10. Of the reasons cited below, indicate which one is NOT an important reason for developing a literature map for a review of the literature?

a. It helps you organize the literature in your mind.
b. It helps you identify where your study fits into the literature.
c. It helps you map the distinctions among research studies.
d. It helps you argue a case for the importance of your study.
11. In the qualitative research study, the literature at the beginning of the study is used to:

a. justify the importance of the research problem
b. minimize the importance of the literature review
c. create an understanding of campus responses to gunmen
d. document the need for the research questions in the study
12. The literature review in the beginning of a quantitative study helps to:

a. establish the central role of literature in the study
b. reduce the role of the literature in the study
c. specify the variables importance for the questions
d. predict the results in the study
13. Examine the following end-of-text references to the literature. Which one is appropriately stated in accord with the APA style manual (5th ed.)?

a. Smith, J. W. (1994). Ancillary Test Items and Student Achievement. Journal of Applied Science, 42, 330-345.

b. Fox, A. B. (1993). Construct validity and use of inter-rater reliabilities. Journal of Applied Measurement, 41, 45-50.

c. Jones, J. J. (1994). Questions responses and response rates. Journal of Survey Research, 35, 50-56.

d. Enos, M. (1999). Cabin isolation writing strategies. Journal of English Education, 45, pp. 59-80.
14. What levels of APA headings are typically used in educational research? Circle all that apply.

a. one level headings
b. two level headings
c. three level headings
d. fourth level headings
15. Which of the following would most likely be found in the “my study” box in a literature map?

a. What are parents’ experiences with school choice?
b. School choice as a factor in schooling
c. My topic will be school choice
d. Smith (1995) studied school choice
16. In a literature map, the box, “My study” has arrows drawn from other boxes in the map. The intent of arrows from other boxes to the “My study” box is:

a. to connect my proposed study to other studies in the map
b. to give direction to the reader in understanding the map
c. to show how my proposed study extends existing literature
d. to indicate the direction of influence in my study