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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Problems with academic subjects that are due to underlying disorders in information processing
academic achievement learning disabilities
A learning approach that is based on individual analyses of a student's functioning and relies on the learning of behaviors to remediate learning problems
applied behavioral analysis (ABA)
A discrepancy between a student's ability (measured on intelligence tests) and academic achievement; a factor in the diagnosis of learning disabilities
aptitude-achievement discrepancy
A disorder that causes children to have difficulty settling down to do a particular task, especially desk work.
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
The hypothesized decision-making element that controls reception, central processing, and expression.
cognitive strategies/executive function
two or more teachers planning, instructing, and evaluating the same student. The team may include general education teachers with special education teachers and other professionals
collaborative team models
A set of instructional strategies that emphasize the use of groups for teaching students techniques of problem solving and working constructively with others.
cooperative learning
Problems in processing information-attention problems, memory problems, disorders in thinking and using language.
developmental learning disabilities/ neuropsychological learning disabilities
Pinpointing atypical behavior, explaining it, and distinguishing it from similar problems of other children with disabilities
differential diagnosis
A severe reading disability involving difficulties in understanding the relationship between sounds and letters.
Excessive movement or motor restlessness, generally accompanied by impulsiveness and inattention.
The ability to think about one's own thinking and monitor its effectiveness.
Children who can read and write, but have difficulty with mathematics and/or executive functions.
nonverbal disabilities
Interactions where one student is teaching another student. This can be a useful techniques, but its overuse can cause problems if the students doing the tutoring do not learn new material, and if the self-concept of the students being tutored is diminished because they feel that they are always needing help.
peer tutoring
difficulty in understanding or responding to the meaning of pictures or numbers.
perceptual-motor disabilities
disabilities that may manifest in any academic content area (such as reading, math, & writing). These disabilities lead to problems with learning that often impact a student's school success. The origin of these difficulties is thought to be neurological and is not due to mental retardation, sensory impairments, emotional disturbances, or the lack of opportunities to learn.
specific learning disabilities
inclusion which involves a specialist to assist the general education teacher.
supportive inclusion