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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Describe the three overarching characteristics necessary for the development of the military profession according to Samuel Huntington.
• Expertise (Technical, broad, liberal, and theoretical knowledge).

• Responsibility (To defend U.S. constitution, maintain high standards, serve the people).

• Corporateness (Internal promotions and discipline, education and training).
Describe the nature of the military profession.
• Support national policy.
• Implement national objectives.
• Preserve the peace.
• Overcome any nation responsible for aggressive acts that threaten the peace and security of the U.S.
Explain why the United States has its officers take an oath to support and defend the Constitution.
• Officership
• Commitment

** We support the Constitution rather than one individual.
Explain the country’s expectations of its officers.
• Commitment
• Honor
• Higher ethics/standards than others in society
• Integrity
• Patriotism
• Self-sacrifice
• Leadership
State the mission and priorities of the United States Air Force.
To fly, flight, and win, in air, space, and cyber space.

• Modernize air and space inventories, organizations, and training
• Recapture acquisition excellence.
• Develop Airmen and their families.
• Partner with joint and coalition teams to work on today’s flight.
State the function of the Secretary of the Air Force, Air Force Chief of Staff, and the Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force.
* Secretary of Air Force: Conducts administrative affairs to department and directly responsible to the Secretary of Defense (fiscal spending, administrative, etc).

* AF Chief of Staff (4 star general): Top military person. Makes decisions. Ensures AF is efficient and ready to go. Member of joint chief of staff. Reports to Secretary of the AF.

* Chief Master Sergeant: Represents highest enlisted person in AF. Serves as advisor to AF Chief of staff on all issues related to readiness, morale.
List the USAF organizational structure from the president to the flight level.
Commander in chief ---> Dept. of Defense ---> Secretary of the AF ---> AF Chief of Staff (DRU) ---> HQ USAF (FOA) ---> MAJCOM'S ---> Numbered Air Forces ---> Wings (Base) ---> Groups ---> Squadrons ---> Flights
Identify key elements within and related to a typical Air Force Wing.
Wing Commander

Wing Staff Comptroller Squadron

Operations Maintenance Mission Support Medical
Group Group Group Group
Recognize the different types of allowance
* Basic allowance for housing (BAH)

* Subsistence Allowance- $242.60/month (ALL officers)

* Uniforms- Officers one-time $400 payment. Enlisted annually.

* Partial Pay- Pay received prior to pay day for days already worked.
Identify the different types of leave a military member can take.
* Ordinary leave

* Emergency (quick) leave

* Convalescent leave (not chargeable)

* Delay in route
State how leave is accrued and used.
Service members earn 2.5 days each month. Use or loose policy. Leave must be spent by 30September. Can only roll over 75 days.
State what the principles of war provide to Airmen.
Principles of war are guidelines that Commanders can use to form and select courses of action and concepts of operation.
Define each principle of war.
* Mass * Simplicity
* Maneuver * Security
* Objective * Restraint
* Offensive * Legitimacy
* Unity of Command
List the tenets of airpower
"BCS Plays Perfect College Football" (pg. 5 of Hawk)

- Balance - Flexibility/Versatility
- Concentration
- Synergistic Effects
- Persistence
- Priority
- Centralized control and decentralized execution
State how the tenets of air power complement the principles of war.
The tenants provide more specific considerations for the employment of air, space, and cyberspace capabilities.

They reflect the specific lessons of air, space, and cyberspace capabilities throughout history.
Define each Air Force Core Function.
(Pg. 13-15 in Hawk)

* Building Partnerships
* Air Superiority- Degree of dominance in the air battle.
* Nuclear Deterrence- Operate, maintain, and secure nuclear forces.
* Rapid Global Mobility- The timely deployment, employment, sustainment of military bases across the range of military operations.
* Command and Control
* Global Precision Attack
* Global Integrated ISR
* Air Superiority
* Agile Combat Support
* Personnel Recovery
* Space Superiority- Degree of dominance in space.
Describe the three levels of doctrine.
* Basic doctrine- Most basic. Provides common frame
of reference on how to employ art and space power.

* Operational doctrine- More detailed on how to organize and employ air and space power.

* Tactical doctrine- Proper employment/deployment and specific AF assets.
Identify the sub-elements of the Air Force Function of Rapid Global Mobility.
* Air Lift

* Air Refueling- Force multiplier.

* Aeromedical Evacuation- Retrieving wounded people.
Identify the sub-elements of the Air Force Function of Global Precision Attack.
* Strategic Attack- Attack is decisive. Enemy is vulnerable.

* Air interdiction- Divert or delay the enemy surface before it can be used. Disrupt enemy's offense.

* Close Air Support- Defensive. Provides friendly support.
List the primary missions of the six geographically based unified combatant commands.
* U.S Europe Command

* U.S. Pacific Command

* U.S. South Command- South of Mexico

* U.S. North Command

* U.S. Central Command

* U.S. Africa Command
Define unified and specified command.
Unified commands- Comprises forces from two or more military services and falls under one commander.

Specified commands- Normally composed of forces from one military service. (currently none)
State the role of the Armed Forces Policy Council.
The most important policy advisory body working directly with the Secretary of Defense. Not only advises the Secretary of Defense on matters of broad policy relating to the Armed Forces, but also considers and reports on any other matters that need attention.
Identify the role of the President, the Secretary of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
President: Determines the security needs of the nation and then takes courses of action to ensure that those are met.

Secretary of Defense: The principal defense policy advisor to the President. Responsible for the formulation of general defense policy and policy related to all matters of direct and primary concern to the DOD, and for the execution of approved policy.

Joint Chiefs of Staff: Serve as the communications chain of command and military staff to the unified and specified commanders. Prepares strategic plans and provides for the strategic direction of Armed Forces.
State the Department of Defense (DOD) policy of substance abuse.
* To prevent and eliminate drug and alcohol abuse and dependence for DOD.
State the steps a supervisor should take when a subordinate's duty performance reveals a possible substance abuse problem.
1. Counseling
2. Referral
3. Reprimand
4. Discharge
5. Personnel action (ex. taking security clearance)

* All four require active and consistent documentation.
States the five methods for identifying substance abusers.
1. Arrest, apprehension, or investigation
2. Incident to medical care
3. Commander referral
4. Drug testing
5. Self-identification (the way to go)
Identify how the results of the four methods of urinalysis testing may or may not be used.
Commanders may use the positive result of a urine sample to refer a member to Life Skills, as evidence to support disciplinary action under the UCMJ or administrative action.

** Commanders MAY NOT use results against a member in any other disciplinary action.
Describe the alcohol drug abuse prevention and treatment program.
Include substance abuse prevention, education, treatment, and urinalysis testing.

AF makes clear distinction between treatment and discipline.
State the three enduring truths that describe the fundamental nature of war.
1. An instrument of national policy.

2. A complex and chaotic human endeavor.

3. A clash of opposing wills.
Define war according to Carl von Clausewitz:
* War is an act of violence to compel our enemy to do our will.

* To achieve political objectives
* "War is regarded as nothing but the continuation of politics by other means"...men and guns

Policy: The political side Violence: The military side
Differentiate among the four viewpoints on war: Pacifism, realism, Holy war, and Just War Theory.
Realism: Wars are classes of power and interest. Moral constraints should never be put above a nation's self-interest. All methods should be used to victory (Hitler approach).

Holy war: Wars are authorized by God.

Pacifism: Killing is immoral. Avoid war at ALL costs (Ghandi approach).

Just war theory: Killing is immoral unless justified by certain conditions.
List the three factors that dominate war.
War is a human enterprise.

1. Fog
2. Friction
3. Chance
Describe the evolution of warfare according to Alan Beyerchen's taxonomy of four world wars.
1. World War I- The Chemist's War
2. World War II- The Physicists'
3. World War III- The Information Researchers' War (Cold War)
4. World War IV- The Social Scientists' War
Describe Locke's general principles embodied in the US constitution
1. Equality

2. Natural Law and Natural Rights

3. Social Contract
List the ways to amend the US Constitution
Proposal- 2/3 of Senate and House of Representatives. Congress

Ratification- A Constitutional Amendment by the legislative branch then 3/4 of the states must ratify.
Describe the five parts of the Declaration of Independence.
1. Introduction- States that this document will "declare the causes" that have made it necessary for the American colonies to leave the British empire.

2. Preamble- Abuses are self-evident.

3. Body #1- long train of abuses and usurpations

4. Body #2- We've requested help

5. Conclusion- "these colonies are and of right ought to be free independent states.
Describe the benefits and potential problems of a diverse workforce.

* Creativity and Innovation
* Broad range of skills
* Better service to diverse customers
* Ability to recruit best talent from entire labor pool.

Potential problems:

* Overprotection of women, minorities, and others.
* Different consequences for the same actions.
* Failure to train and coach (mentors)
* Language barriers
* "white male club" or "glass ceiling."
Explain the purpose, application, and scope of Air Force Doctrine Document (AFDD) 1-1.
1. Purpose: Establishes doctrinal guidance for leadership and force development.

2. Application: Applies to all active duty, AF reserve, Air National Guard, AF civilians.

3. Scope: Baseline for all AF leaders. Serves as a guide to professional judgement. Essential for military success.
Describe the fundamental elements of Air Force leadership
1. Mission- Objective or task to be accomplished.

2. Airmen- Heart of the organization. Execute and accomplish the mission. Mission is why we are here. Leader must care for, support, and develop people. Never forget the importance of Airmen.
Summarize the components of Air Force Leadership
1. Institutional Competencies:
- Personal leadership
- Team
- Organizational
2. Leadership Competencies:
Summarize the objective of the Eight-Step Problem-Solving Process.
- To help airmen focus on problem-solving skills that affect mission, work center, people.

- Remove waste and inefficiencies.

- Increase productivity and asset availability.

- Improve response time and agility, energy efficiency, sustain safe and reliable operations.

- Team-centered, systematic approach.
Explain the Eight-Step Problem Solving Process.
1. Clarify problem.
2. Break down problem.
3. Set improvement target.
4. Determine root cause.
5. Develop counter measures.
6. See countermeasures through
7. Confirm results & process
8. Standardize successful processes (AFI or OI).
Identify the steps in the Problem-Solving process.
- Observe- Steps 1, 2 of Eight step process.
- Orient- Steps 3,4
- Decide- Step 5
- Act- Steps 6, 7, 8

(OODA Loop)
Describe the five personal conflict management styles.
1. Forcing: High assertiveness, low cooperation.
2. Accommodating: Low assertiveness, high cooperation.
3. Avoiding: Low assertiveness, low cooperation.
4. Compromising: In between high and low assertive and high and low cooperation.
Identify the sources of conflict:
- Personal differences
- Informational deficiencies
- Role incompatibility- Different activities have different goals.

Environmental stress- Shortage of resources.
Distinguish between the five needs in Maslow's hierarchy.
- Self-actualization (self fulfillment, personal growth, realizing potential).
- Esteem (ego)- Recognition, worth, status, respect.
- Belonging (social- love, acceptance, approval, friendship)
- Safety ( Physical safety: safe from harm, psychological safety (job, health care, security)
- Survival (food, water, shelter).

** Only relatively unsatisfied needs are capable of motivating people.
Identify ways to motivate people using Maslow's needs theory.
1. Recognize achievements and contributions.
2. Don't make promises you can't keep.
3. Be a good role model.
Distinguish between McGregor's three motivational approaches.
People by nature don't like to work.

1. Hard approach: Coercion, micromanaging
2. Soft approach: Manipulation (satisfying people).
3. McGregor's Y approach- Motivating. Creating positive environment.
Explain concepts of efficiency and effectiveness as they relate to management.
Means Ends
Efficiency Effectiveness

Low waste, low High attainment
resource usage goal
Identify the four basic management functions
- Planning: Defining goals
- Organizing: Establish structure.
- Leading: Motivating, directing activities of others, resolve conflict.
- Controlling: Monitor performance, comparing results to standards, applying corrective action.
Differentiate between the three primary roles of managers
Interpersonal- Figurehead, leader, liaison

Decisional- Negotiator, resource allocator, entrepreneur

Informational- Monitor, disseminator, spokesperson
Experience the universality of the manager's job
1. Level in the organization

2. Profit vs. not for profit

3. Size of the organization

4. Transferability

5. Making decisions and dealing with change
Identify examples of general and specific managerial skills
General: Specific:
- Political - Controlling organizational environment
- Conceptual - Organizing and coordinating
- Interpersonal - Motivate and handle conflict
- Technical - Provide growth and development
Define Sexual Assault as defined by the Department of Defense
Intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, threats, intimidation, abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent (includes rape).
Distinguish between what constitutes sexual consent and what does not
An impaired/intoxicated/sleep/unconscious person cannot consent.
Recognize that the U.S. Air Force has zero tolerance for sexual assault
UCMJ --> Harsh penalties, including jail time and dishonorable discharge.
Identify the Department of Defense policy on confidentiality
Restricted reporting allows sexual assault victims to confidentially disclose the assault to specified individuals ( SARC, SAPR VA, or healthcare personnel, chaplain).

Exceptions to confidentiality if reported to command officials or law enforcement when disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious or imminent threat or safety of the individual.
Differentiate among the AF Core Values
1. Integrity: The adherence to a strong moral code and consistency in one's actions and values.

2. Service before self: Making the effort to properly plan and execute with precision.

3. Excellence: Exceed standards, innovative.
Identify ways to motivate people using McGregor's Theory Y approach
1. Recognize achievements and contributions.

2. Don't make promises you can't keep.

3. Be a good role model.
Describe the roles of the perpetrator, facilitator, bystander, and victim
Perpetrator- Assaults the victim.

Facilitator- Enables or encourages the perpetrator.

Bystander- Observes the situation and chooses whether to act (or not).

Victim- Assaulted by the perpetrator.
Explain the significance of the Wingman as related to sexual assault prevention and response
The Wingman is one of the most important people in a dangerous situation. He/she can potentially intervene and prevent a crime.
Describe the roles of the Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC) and link this role to the Victim Advocate (VA).
SARC- Considered the gravity when it comes to ensuring that victims of sexual assault receive appropriate and responsive care.

Victim Advocate (VA)- The victim advocates are volunteers who are specially trained to support victims of sexual assault. Not counselors or law enforcement. Main purpose is to provide supportive services to the sexual assault victim. Often a critical factor in the victim's healing process.
Describe the effect sexual assault can have on a unit's trust and cohesion.
- Weakens units' cohesion, diminishes trust, loss of respect, trust, and support. Can turn hostile.
Explain how gender relations and sexism can impact trust and mission accomplishment
Can result in loss of trust and ultimately lead to discohesion in the work place. Also, can result in a decreased focus on mission.
State the Air Force Policy on sexual harassment
Zero-tolerance policy.
State commander/supervisory responsibilities regarding sexual harassment
Commander/supervisors must take the steps necessary to determine the validity of the complaint. Also, must ensure no retaliation on the victim.
Explain the various forms of sexual harassment
-Verbal: Inquiries into a person's intimate or personal relationships or sexually-oriented comments

Nonverbal: Sexually demeaning notes or cartoons, nude pics, etc.

Physical: Includes petting, touching, hugging, etc.
Summarize the effects of sexual harassment on mission accomplishment
Sexual harassment can be a serious barrier to mission accomplishment. Real or perceived, sexual harassment weakens the cohesiveness of a unit.
Identify informal and formal means on relief from sexual harassment.
- Informal: Complainant could seek out the potential harasser and communicate to him/her that their unwanted sexual behavior, gestures, or comments are unwelcome.

- Formal: The complainant has several choices, ranging from their chain of command, legal office, security forces, the chaplain, Equal Opportunity office, Inspector General (IG), Congressional channels, or the US Attorney General.
Explain what penalties could be associated with sexual harassment
- Discharged from the military

- Prosecuted

- Fined
Differentiate among the four stages of group growth
Forming: "Positive and polite" phase.

Storming: Struggling for position within the group.

Norming: Hierarchy established.

Performing: Team moves toward shared goals.
Describe the differences between group and teams
A group is merely individuals brought together. A team has specialized roles, tasks, and trust.
Identify the principles of effective teams
1. Ongoing communication
2. Clarity of team goals.
3. Establishment of member roles
Explain the concept of Full-Range Leadership
A process in which leaders and followers help each other advance to a higher level of morale and motivation. Encourage people to mimic traits. Full-range leadership solves issues that arise in dynamic environments. FRL is NOT a continuum from bad to good. Different circumstances require different behaviors.
Identify elements of the Full-Range Leadership Model
Laissez-Faire- Hands off. Creates a chaotic environment (should never use).

Transactional- Focus on day to day operations.
1. Contingent reward (must be something they want)
2. Management by exception (active and passive).

Transformational- Inspiring followers to commit to a shared vision/goals of an organization.

4 types:

- Individual consideration (IC)- Caring
- Intellectual Stimulation (IS)- Thinking
- Inspirational motivation (IM)- Charming
- Idealized Influence (II)- Influencing
Define situational leadership and describe task and relationship behavior
Situational leadership is a model for developing people.

Task: Telling people what, how, why, when, where to do things.

Relationship behavior: Listening to people, providing support and encouragement, facilitating involvement in problem-solving and decision-making.