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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Name pavement marking colors

White - runway and landing areas

Yellow - taxiways, closed and hazardous areas, and holding positions

040, 006, 003, 126

4, 1, 36, 13

Runway threshold markings

What number of stripes are used in coordination with runway width?

4 - 60ft

6 - 75ft

8 - 100ft

12 - 150ft

16 - 200ft

Identify the large white rectangles and how far they are located down the runway

Runway aiming points, 1,000 ft

What is the name of the markings found 500ft increments

Touchdown zone markings

Name the 3 types of runways

Visual runway, nonprecision instrument, precision instrument

These markings are found along the entire length of the runway

Runway edge markings

Are shoulder markings required?

No, they are optional

What is identified as 4 white arrowheads and what is it used for

Displaced threshold, used to reduce the length of runway available for landings

What color bar is used to identify a blast pad, stop-way, EMAS, or an aligned taxiway

Yellow demarcation bar

What is the space used at the end of a runway, what color is it and what design is used? And the 3 types of areas used at the end of a runway

Yellow, Chevron

Blast pad - reduced erosive effects of jet blast and propeller wash

Stop-way - an area beyond the takeoff runway able to support the aircraft during an aborted takeoff

EMAS - high energy absorbing materials of selected strength designed to crumble to stop an aircraft if needed

Yellow X's identify?

Temporarily closed runways - markings stay

Permanently closed runways - paint is removed and lights turned off

List the 3 types of Taxiway markings

Centerline marking - continuous yellow line

Airplane can move off movement area - Dashed edge markings followed by nonmovement area boundary markings

Airplane must call someone first - nonmovement area boundary markings followed by dashed edge markings

Identify runway holding position marking

Four yellow lines, two solid and two dashed extending across the width of the taxiway or runway.

Identify a surface painted holding position sign

They have a red background with white text and are an example of a mandatory instruction sign

Identify a runway location sign

A yellow on black sign designed to tell you what runway you are located on.

Identify a runway distance remaining sign

A white on black sign indicating how many feet (in thousands) of landing runway remain.

Identify a mandatory instruction sign

A white on red sign used to identify entrance to a runway or critial area and areas where an aircraft are prohibited from entering.

Identify a taxiway location sign

A yellow on black sign indicating what taxiway the aircraft is on

Identify taxiway direction sign

A black on yellow sign identifying what direction the aircraft must turn to get to the desired taxiway

Identify the 3 helicopter landing areas

White - civil heliport

Red Cross - hospital heliport

Yellow X - closed heliport

List the 4 airport beacons and what colors are used to identify them

Lighted land airport - flashing white and green

Lighted water airport - flashing white and yellow

Lighted heliport - flashing white, green, yellow

Lighted military - white, white, green

REIL stands for what and is used for what

Runway End Identifier Lights, used to identify a runway in poor visibility conditions

Identify the different lights in the runway edge light system

Green/red - identifies the ends of the runway, green identifies the landing threshold and red indicates the end of the runway

White/yellow - identifies the runway edge, when approaching the runway the lights will be white up to the last 2,000 feet or half of the remaining runway length whichever is less

Identify in-runway lighting

There are two types of in-runway lighting:

Touchdown zone lighting (TDZL) consists of two rows of lights; one on each side and parallel to the runway centerline lights.

They start at 100 feet from the landing threshold and extends to 3,000 feet from the threshold or midpoint of the runway, whichever is less.

Runway centerline lighting system (RCLS) consists of lights spaced at 50-foot intervals.

White until last 3,000 feet, then white alternating with red for the next 2,000 feet. All the red last 1,000 feet

Identify a VASI

Visual Approach Slope Indicators (VASI) are lights visible from 3-5 miles away during the day and 20 miles away or more at night.

The visual glide path of the VASI provides safe obstruction clearance: within plus or minus 10 degrees of the extended runway centerline and up to 4 Nautical Miles (NM) from the runway threshold

What is a ALS and how far can they be seen?

Approach Light Systems (ALS) provide the basic means to transition from IFR to VFR for landing by radiating light beams in a directional pattern.

ALS start at the landing threshold and extends into the approach area a distance of:

2,400-3,000ft for precision instrument runways

1,400-1,500ft for non-precision instrument runways

Identify taxiway lights

Green - centerline lights

Blue - edge lights

Yellow - runway guard lights

Red - stop bar lights

Green/yellow - lead-on lights