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84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Operating System/OS

A set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer or mobile device hardware


Consists of ROM chips or flash memory chips that store permanent instructions


Operating System that a computer uses sometimes; its specifications will identify the required platform(s), or the operating system(s), on which it will run.

Cross-Platform Application

An application that runs the same on multiple operating systems


The core of the operating system that manages memory and devices, maintains the internal clock, runs programs, and assigns the resources, such as devices, programs, apps, data, and information.

Memory Resident

When a kernel remains in memory while the computer or mobile device is running


Nonresident instructions remain on a storage medium until they are needed, at which time they transfer into memory (RAM)

Boot Drive

Drive from which your personal computer starts, which typically is an internal hard drive, such as a hard disk or SSD

Boot Disk

Removable media

Live CD

Media can be used to start the computer

Sleep Mode

Saves any open documents and running programs or apps to memory, turns off all unneeded functions, and then places the computer in a low-power state.

Hibernate Mode

Saves any open documents and running programs or apps to an internal hard drive before removing power from the computer or device

User Interface/UI

Controls how you enter data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen

Graphical User Interface/GUI

You interact with menus and visual images by touching, pointing, tapping, or clicking buttons, and other objects to issue commands.

Command-Line Interface

A user types commands represented by short keywords or abbreviations or presses special keys on the keyboard to enter data and instructions.

Natural User Interface

Users interact with the software through ordinary, intuitive behavior

Command Language

The set of commands used to control actions when working with a command-line interface

Single Tasking Operating System

Allows only one program or app to run at a time


Allows two or more programs or apps to reside in memory at the same time


The active program that an individual is currently using


Other programs that are running but currently not being used


Operating system enables two or more users to run programs simultaneously

Virtual Machine

Enables a computer to run another operating system in addition to the one installed.

Swap File

It swaps exchanges data, information, and instructions between memory and storage


Amount of data and program instructions that can swap at a given time


Technique of swapping items between memory and storage; time-consuming process for the computer


When an operating system spends much of its time paging, instead of executing application software


Segment of memory or storage in which items are placed while waiting to be transferred from an input device or an output device


Sends documents to be printed to a buffer instead of sending them immediately to the printer

Print Spooler

A program intercepts documents to be printed from the operating system and places them in the queue


Multiple documents lined up in the buffer.

Driver/Device Driver

Small program that tells the operating system how to communicate with a specific device

Performance Monitor

Program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices

File Manager

Performs functions related to displaying files; organizing files in folders; and copying, renaming, deleting, moving, and sorting files


Attempts to locate a file on your computer or mobile device based on specified criteria

Image Viewer

Displays, copies, and prints the contents of a graphics files


Removes a program or app, as well as any associated entries in the system files

Disk Cleanup

Searches for and removes unnecessary files

Disk Defragmenter

Recognizes the files and unused space on a computer's hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs and apps run faster

Screen Saver

Causes a display's screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no keyboard or mouse activity occurs for a specified time

File Compression

Shrinks the size of a file(s)

PC Maintenance

Identifies and fixes operating system problems, detects and repairs disk problems, and includes the capability or improving a computer's performance

Backup and Restore

Copies selected files or the contents of an entire storage medium to another location

Automatic Update

Feature that regularly provides new features or corrections to the program

Service Pack

Offers of free downloadable updates to users who have registered and/or activated their software

Network Administrator

The person overseeing network operations, uses the server operating system to add and remove users, computers, and other devices to and from the network

Types of built in security tools



-Antivirus Sotware

-Spyware and Malware Detection Software

Administrator Account

Accounts possessed by network administrators, as well as owners of computers, that enables them to access all files and programs, install programs, and specify settings that affect all users on a computer, mobile device, or network.


Definitions of who can access certain resources and when they can access those resources

Sign in

Allows a user access into the account/resources


Private combination of characters associated with the user name that allows access to certain computer, mobile device, or network resources

User Name

A unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user


Program is one that runs only on a specific type of make of computer or mobile device

Proprietary Software

Privately owned and limited to a specific vendor or computer or device model


Operating systems that run on computers and mobile devices provided by a variety of manufacturers

Upward Compatible

An application that can run newer versions of the operating system

Three basic types of operating systems on computers and mobile devices




Desktop Operating System/Stand-Alone Operating System/Client Operating Systems

Complete operating system that works on desktops, laptops, and some tablets; also work in conjunction with a server operation system; can operate with or without a network

Windows Features

-Start screen with tiles

-Include the desktop interface

-Support for input via touch, mouse, and keyboard,

-Email app, calendar app, and browser

-Photos, files, and settings can sync with cloud server

-Enhanced security with antivirus program, firewall, and automatic updates



Has earned a reputation for its easy use; features include

-Mail, calendar, contacts, and syncs with the cloud server

-Communication and play games with mobile devices

-Built-in Facebook and Twitter


-Open multiple desktops

-Dictated words convert to text

-Support for Braille displays


Use to view, organize, and run apps on Mac OS


Multitasking operation system developed in the early 1970's by scientists at Bell Laboratories; has a command-line interface.

The Open Group

The industry standards organization who owns UNIX as a trademark


Section of storage or memory reserved for a specific program or application


Popular, multitasking UNIX-based operating system that runs on a variety of personal computers, servers, and devices

Open Source Software

Coding is provided for use, modification, and redistribution

Chrome OS

Introduced by Google, is a Linux-based operating system designed to work primarily with web apps


A specialized laptop that runs Chrome


A specialized desktop that runs Chrome

Server Operating System

Multi-user operating system that organizes and coordinates how multiple users access and share resources on a network


The practice of sharing or pooling computing resources, such as servers or storage devices.

Windows Server

Developed by Microsoft, Windows Server enables organizations to manage applications and websites on-site and/or on the cloud

OS X Server

Developed by Apple, OS X Server enables organizations to collaborate, share files, host websites and mail servers, and more on Mac computers and iOS devices

Mobile Operating System

Operating system on mobile devices and many consumer electronics; resides on firmware

Mobile Operating System

Typically has one program running at a time, although others may be running in the background


Open source, Linux-based operating system designed by Google for smartphones and tablets

Google Play

App store provides access to apps, songs, books, and movies

Google Drive

Provides access to email, contacts, calendar, photos, files, and more


Developed by Apple, a proprietary mobile operating system specifically made for Apple's mobile devices


A voice recongition app; enables you to speak instructions or questions to which it takes actions or responds with speech output


App provides a centralized location for coupons, boarding passes, loyalty cards, and mobile payment accounts in a single, easily accessible location

Windows Phone

Developed by Microsoft, is a proprietary mobile operating system that runs on some smartphones

Windows Phone Store

Provides access to additional apps and software updates

Wallet App

App that provides a centralized location for coupons, credit cards, loyalty cards, and memberships in a single, easily accessible location