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38 Cards in this Set

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these underlie and produce automatic thoughts

core beliefs

categories of core beliefs

helpless




worthless




unlovable

core beliefs lead to.....

automatic thoughts

Feelings can be managed addressing....

cognition and behaviors

these create a construction that is maladaptive now, but not when first developed

schemas

those thoughts that are mood congruent but not reflective of the evidence in life

distorted thoughts

Distorted Thoughts are the same thing as...

automatic thoughts

the thoughts fit basically into three categories. What are they?

self, world/others, future

Mood or other pathologic processes create a filtering of information that is state-dependent

cognitive blockade

As part of _______information, both internal and external is filtered so that only mood congruent information is :


a) what?


and


b) what?

COGNITIVE BLOCKADE


a) perceived


and


b) valued

What bad cognitive habit can be broken by focusing on solution not problem?

rumination

Negative emotions are elicited by cognitive processing, which is viewed as the causal factor. This is a rationale for what?

CBT

Adverse life events elicit automatic processing, which is viewed as the causal factor. This is a rationale for what?

CBT

Focus on an examination of __________ _______ and developing rational responses to _______ _________ ________is basic to the rationale of CBT

cognitive beliefs


and


negative automatic thougths

Is CBT collaborative?

yes to the extent that the client is on board with the therapists plan

Socratic Method

asking questions whenever possible. Includes clarification (what do you mean when you say?...) probing assumptions and evidence (how did you come to this conclusion?...)Questioning: viewpoints and Perspectives (What alternative ways of looking at this are there?...) Analyzing Implications and Consequences (Then what would happen?....) Summarizing and Synthesizing (Let me make sure I understand. It sounds like you believe...and this is why....)

Insofar as being collaborative, does CBT use a team approach to solve problems?

yes

Must the client and therapist agree on structure and direction of the planned course of CBT action?

yes

The following 7 steps are used in creating the structure and direction of CBT therapy

A-B-T-T-S-H-F a big time taco sauce has flames


1. setting agenda


2. bridge back to previous session


3. setting session target


4. application of the CBT techniques to the target


5. Summarize the session


6. setting homework


7. feedback on the session

Cognitive Specificity Hypothesis

Distorted appraisals follow themes relevant to the specific psychiatric conditions




Psychological disorders are characterized by a different psychological profile

According to Cognitive Specificity Hypothesis, the disordered mood depression will go along with what distorted cognitions?

negative view of self, others, future. Core beliefs associated with helplessness, failure, incompetence, and unlovability

According to the Cognitive Specificity Hypothesis, the disordered mood anxiety will go along with what distorted cognitions?

Overestimation of physical and psychological threats. Core beliefs linked with risk, dangerousness, and uncontrollability.

Negative triad associated with depression and growing out of self, world/others, future

cognitive triad

Common strategies of CBT

simplify


do it now


you cant know unless you experiment


pull, don't push/flow

if you are off track..

do the opposite

Triggering Event


Appraisal


Bodily Sensations


Behavioral inclination


behavior

cognitive model

these:


May be hard to turn off


may be hard to articulate


happen spontaneously in response to a situation


do not arise from reasoning


have no logical sequence

automatic thoughts



Put these in order:

Negative emotions


Stressful situations


automatic thoughts

1. stressful situations


2. automatic thoughts


3. negative emotions



I'm inadequate


I'll be rejected


I'm bad


I'm crazy


I'm dangerous, toxic, evil, stupid


I don't deserve to live

CORE BELIEFS



Put these in order;


Compensatory Strategies




Underlying Assumptions and Core Beliefs




Childhood and Early Life Events

1. Childhood and early life events


2. underlying assumptions and core beliefs


3. compensatory strategies

What can be learned can be

unlearned (extinguished)

treatment outcomes are measured in terms of

measurable changes

an event or behavior designed to increase or decrease a specific response. The more consistent, the more quickly shaped.

reinforcement

states that in interpersonal interactions people attempt to maximize "rewards" and minimize "costs". Equitable rates of reciprocity will result in satisfying relationships, unbalanced reciprocity will result in unsatisfying relationships.

Social Exchange Theory

Vicarious learning. Learning from others, both observing behavior and consequences thereof.

social learning theory

a set of similarly held beliefs. Organizes family rules.

family schema

a form of operant reinforcement. Defines explicit rules for interaction. Specifies circumstances under which one is to do something for another.

contingency contracting.

intervention whereby the therapist attempts to modify client thoughts, perceptions, and attributions about an event

cognitive restructuring