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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


Inside water tank to prevent sloshing and shifting the center of gravity of the apparatus. Intermediate partial bulkhead that reduces the surge effect in a partially loaded liquid tank

Standard of Care

Level of care that all persons should receive, care that does not meet this standard is considered inadequate

Driver Reaction Distance

The distance the apparatus travels from the when the driver realizes the need to stop and until the operator's foot touches the pedal


Long term and reoccurring E.G. cancer, diabetes

Prevention of Firefighter Injury Tactics

Provide effective training

Maintaining company discipline and accountability

Following established safety-related SOP's

Using protective clothing and equipment

Maintaining high levels of fitness

Following risk management guidelines

Using rehabilitation facilities at emergency incidents

Phoenix Model Simplified

Risk a lot to save a lot

Risk a little to save a little

Risk nothing to save nothing


To make less harsh or intense; to alleviate

Chemicals Found in Smoke that Contribute to COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Carbon Monoxide

Sulfur Dioxide

Hydrogen Chloride


Nitrogen Oxides



Risk Management Plan

Written plan that analyzes the exposure to hazards, implements appropriate risk management techniques, and establishes criteria for monitoring their effectiveness

Main Goals for Firefighter Safety and Health Program

Prevent human suffering, fatalities, injuries, illness, and exposures to hazardous atmospheres and contagious diseases

Prevent damage to or loss of equipment

Reduce accidents and hazardous exposures, and their severity

Total Stopping Distance

The sum of driver-reaction distance and braking distance. From the moment the operator realizes the need to stop until the vehicle is completely stopped


Condition, substance, or device that can directly cause injury or loss; the source of the risk

NFPA Standards that establish safety programs that departments must adopt

NFPA 1581 Standard of Fire Department Infection Control Program

NFPA 1582 Standard on Comprehensive Occupational Medical Program for Fire Departments

NFPA 1584 Standard on the Rehabilitation Process for Members During Emergency Operations and Training Exercises

Water Tenders

Mobile Water Supply

Two Types

-Custom Built; have baffled water tanks capable of holding 1000 gallons or more

-Home Built; may be former military fuel tankers or may not be properly baffled

Situational Awareness

Being aware of other drivers and your surroundings, and anticipating potential hazards

Collapse Zone

Area that must be kept clear in case a wall or other piece of structure collapses into it

Training Evolution

Operation of fire and emergency services training covering one or several aspects of fire fighting. AKA Practical Training Evolution

Hot Zone

Forward access point to hazard area

Warm Zone

Safe haven during an incident

Cold Zone

Most distant area from incident. Outer boundary acts as crowd control barrier. Houses staging area, command post, and RIT/RIC

Control Zones

Commonly labeled hot, warm, and cold

Crowd Control

Limiting the access of nonemergency personnel to the emergency scene

Incident Command System (ICS)

Organizational model that applies to any type of emergency

Based on NIMS-ICS system

-Report to only one supervisor

-Operate as part of a team

-Remain aware of your situation

-Advise supervisors of any changes in situation

-Manage Air Supply

-Enter and withdraw as a team


Allowing firefighters to rest, re-hydrate, and recover during an incident

NFPA 1500 Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program

Covers Topics

-Safety and Health related policies and procedures

-Training and Education

-Fire apparatus, equipment, and driver/operators

-Protective clothing and protective equipment

-Emergency Operations

-Facility safety

-Medical and Physical requirements

-Member assistance and wellness programs

-Critical incident stress management

NFPA Standards for protective clothing and equipment

NFPA 1971 Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting

NFPA 1975 Standard on Station/Work Uniforms for Emergency Services

NFPA 1977 Standard on Protective Clothing and Equipment for Wildland Fire Fighting

NFPA Standards on safe training practices and programs

NFPA 1403 Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions

NFPA 1404 Standard for Fire Service Respiratory Protection Training

NFPA 1407 Standard for Training Fire Service Rapid Intervention Crews

NFPA 1410 Standard on Training for Initial Emergency Operations

NFPA 1451 Standard for a Fire Service Vehicle Operations Training Program

NFPA Standards for the care and maintenance of personnel and respiratory protection equipment

NFPA 1851 Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting

NFPA 1981 Standard on Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus for Emergency Services

Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health


Description of any atmosphere that poses an immediate hazard to life or produces immediate, irreversible, debilitating effects on health


Any agent, condition, or experience that causes stress

Employee Assistance Program (EAP)

Program to help employees and their families with work or personal problems

Computer Based Accountability System

Uses radio-based tracking attached to PPE

Means of Personnel Accountability

SCBA Tag System

Uses information maintained by an Accountability Officer to track entry and expected exit times

Means of Personnel Accountability

Everyone Goes Home

Result in 2004 summit hosted by National Fallen Firefighters Foundation


Of rapid onset and short duration; sharp or severe E.G. colds/viruses

The leading cause of death in firefighters

Stress and overexertion including heart attack and stroke

Cardiovascular diseases

Two Main Classifications for Illness


Braking Distance

The distance the apparatus travels from when the driver touches the brake pedal until the vehicle is completely stopped

Passport System

Uses passports attached to a control board

Means of Personnel Accountability