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44 Cards in this Set

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General term for the equipment worn by fire and emergency service responders; includes helmets, coats, trousers, boots, eye protection, hearing protection, protective gloves, protective hoods, SCBA, and PASS devices.

AKA: bunker clothes, bunker gear, full structural protective clothing, turnout clothing, or turnout gear

(PPE) Personal Protective Equipment

Activities required for rescue, fire suppression, and property conservation in structures, vehicles, vessels, and similar types of properties.

Structural Fire Fighting

Activities required for rescue, fire suppression, and property conservation at fires that produce high radiant, conductive, or convective heat; includes aircraft, haz mat, and storage tanks

Proximity Fire Fighting

Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting

NFPA 1971

Headgear worn by firefighters that provides protection from falling objects, side blows, elevated temperatures, and heated water


Hood designed to protect the firefighter's ears, neck, and face from heat and debris

Typically made of Nomex, Kevlar, or PBI

Protective Hood

Coat worn during fire fighting, rescue, and extrication operations

Protective Coat

Trousers worn to protect the lower torso and legs during emergency operations

Protective Trousers

Protective clothing designed to protect the hands

Protective Gloves

Protective footwear that protects the foot, ankle, and lower leg during emergency operations

Fire Fighting Boots

Device that limits noise-induced hearing loss when firefighters are exposed to extremely loud environments

Hearing Protection

Electronic lack-of-motion sensor that sounds a loud alarm when a firefighter becomes motionless. Can be manually activated

(PASS) Personal Alert Safety System

Exposure to conditions that create a hazard to the respiratory system, including products of combustion, toxic gases, and superheated or oxygen deficient atmospheres

Respiratory Hazards

Atmosphere containing less than the normal 19.5% oxygen

At least 16% oxygen is needed to produce flames or sustain human life

Oxygen Deficient Atmosphere

Potentially fatal condition caused by lack of oxygen


Accumulation of fluids in the lungs

Pulmonary Edema

Very small particle of solid matter that is suspended in the atmosphere


Respirator that removes contaminates by passing ambient air through a filter, cartridge, or canister, may have a full or partial face piece

(APR) Air-Purifying Respirator

Motorized respirator that uses a filter to clean surrounding air, then delivers it to the wearer to breathe. Typically includes a headpiece, breathing tube, and a blower/battery box that is worn on the belt

(PAPR) Powered Air-Purifying Respirator

Compressible substance with no specific volume, that tends to assume the shape of the container. Molecules move most rapidly in this state


Gaseous form of a substance that is normally in a solid or liquid state at room temperature and pressure; formed by evaporation from a liquid or sublimation from a solid


Disease causing microorganisms that are suspended in the air (viruses, bacteria, or fungi)

Airborne Pathogens

Respiratory filter that is certified to remove at least 99.97% of monodisperse particles of 0.3 micrometers in diameter

(HEPA) High-Efficiency Particulate Air Filter

SCBA that allows exhaled air to be discharged or vented into the atmosphere

Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus

SCBA that recycles exhaled air; removes carbon dioxide and restores compressed, chemical, or liquid oxygen. Not approved for firefighting operations.

Closed-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus

Respirator fit test that measures the wearer's response to a test agent, such as irritant smoke or odorous vapor. If the wearer detects the test agent, such as through smell or taste, the respirator fit is inadequate.

(QLFT) Qualitative Fit Test

Fit test in which instruments measure the amount of a test agent that has leaked into the respirator from the ambient atmosphere. If the leakage measures above a preset amount, the respirator fit is inadequate

(QNFT) Quantitative Fit Test

Rules and regulations published by executive agencies of the U.S. federal government. These administrative laws are just as enforceable as statutory laws which must be passed by Congress.

(CFR) Code of Federal Regulation

Testing method that uses water under pressure to check the integrity of pressure vessels

Hydrostatic Test

Three or more large, interconnected air cylinders, from which smaller SCBA cylinders are recharged; the larger cylinders typically have a capacity of 300 cubic feet

Cascade System

Legal term for the maximum amount of a chemical substance or other hazard that an employee can be exposed to; typically expressed in parts per million or milligrams per cubic meter. If exposed to this concentration for an entire 40-hour work week, 95% of healthy adults would not suffer health consequences

(PEL) Permissible Exposure Limit

Non-load bearing rope that is anchored to a safe, exterior location and attached to a firefighter during search operations to act as a safety line

Search Line

Clothing designed to meet the needs of specific rescue operations, including: technical rescue, ice rescue, and hazardous materials incidents

Special Protective Clothing

Clothing designed according to the requirements of NFPA 1977 and includes: gloves, goggles, jackets, jumpsuits, face/neck shrouds; as well as other equipment

Wildland Personal Protective Clothing

Clothing designed to increase visibility to motorists, includes traffic vests

Roadway Operations Clothing

Clothing worn to protect against exposure to infectious bodily fluids that must meet the requirements of NFPA 1999

Emergency Medical Protective Clothing

Clothing that according to the requirements of NFPA 1971 must include: reflective trim, wristlets, collars, a closure system, and a drag rescue device

Structural Fire Fighting Protective Clothing

Clothing designed to meet the requirements of NFPA 1975 and intended to identify the wearer as a member of the organization and provide a layer of protection against direct flame contact

Station/work Uniform

Hazard which can cause superheated air to damage the respiratory tract, a serious decrease in blood pressure, and a failure of the circulatory system

Elevated Temperatures

Hazard which may be inhaled, ingested, or absorbed into the body; includes formaldehyde, phosgene, and nitrous gases

Gases and Vapors

Hazard caused by disease causing microorganisms suspended in the air

Airborne Pathogens

Hazard produced during incidents involving industrial occupancies, spills from transportation accidents, and leaks from storage containers

Nonfire gases and vapors

Hazard most commonly caused by combustion which consumes and displaces oxygen present in the atmosphere

Oxygen Deficiency

Hazard produced by vehicle exhaust emissions, chemical reactions, heated metals or metal compounds, and combustion

Particulate Contaminates