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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female and male. Gender also involves hierarchy
Gender Stratification
to the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women.
Margaret Meads Research
found gender varies across cultures. the Arapesh, by american standards have both sexes feminine. The Mundugamor, by american standards have both sexes masculine
George Murdocks Research
surveyed over 200 societies and found substantial but not complete agreement concerning which tasks are feminine or masculine
form of social organization in which males dominate females
form of social organization in which females dominate males.
never has been documented in human history
belief that one sex is innately superior to the other
Gender Roles
attitudes and activities that a society links to each sex
category of people, characterized by physical or cultural differences, that a society sets apart and subordinates.
Intersection Theory
investigation of the interplay of race, class, and gender, often resulting in multiple dimensions of disadvantage
Sexual harrassment
to comments, gestures, or physical contact of sexual nature that are deliberate, repeated, and unwelcome
Structional-Functional Analysis
suggests that traditional sex roles emerged in hunting and gathering societies where they promoted the efficient functioning of the family
Talcott Parsons: Gender and Complementarity
Talcott Parsons argued that gender role complementarity helps to integrate society; that girls and boys are socialized into expressive (girls) and instrumental (boys) roles respectively; and that social control reinforces gender-linked behavior
Social-Conflict Analysis
explains contemporary sex roles in terms of dominance, subordination, and sexism.
Friedrich Engels: Gender and Class
This perspective draws heavily on the work of Friedrich Engels, who felt that capitalism intensified male domination
advocacy of social equality for men and women, in opposition to patriarchy and sexism
feminism support five general principles
1. working to increase equality
2. expanding human choice
3. eliminating gender stratification
4. ending sexual violence
5. promoting sexual freedom
Liberal Feminism
rooted in classical liberal thinking that individuals should be free to develop their own talents and pursue their own interests
Socialist Feminism
regards capitalism as increasing patriarchy by concentrating power in the hands of a small number of men
Radical Feminism
finds liberal feminism inadequate, believing that gender equality will be achieved only through the elimination of gender itself
Opposition of Feminism
Opposition is primarily directed at the socialist and radical forms of feminism, while support for liberal feminism is widespread. There is a trend toward greater gender equality.