Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

Psychology

The svientific study if behavior and mental processes

Physiological processes

Normal physical activities which take place in a living organism

Cognitive processes

Involve conscious intellectual activity, ways of processing information

Hypothesis

An educated guess about some phenomenon; assumption/prediction tested through scientific research

Theory

Set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered for scientific study

Wilhelm Wundt

Germany 1879, introspection, father if systematic study & contributed much to psychology

Structuralist

A psychologist who studies the basic elements that make up conscious mental experiences

Functionalist

Study how animals and people adapt to environments, the function rather than structure of consciousness

William James

1842-1910, Father if psychology, The Principles of Psychology 1890, taught 1st psych class at Harvard in 1875

Sir Francis Galton

1822-1911, English mathematician and scientist, studied heredity and the passing if biological traits

Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Koffka

Wertheimer- 1880-1943, Köhler- 1887-1967, Koffka- 1886-1941; perception>sum of its parts- involves a "whole pattern"- Gestalt; forerunner for cognitive approaches

Psychoanalyst

Psychologist who studies how conscious motoves and conflicts determine human behavior, feelings, and thoughts

Sigmund Frued

1856-1939, primitive biological urges conflict with requirements of aociety and morality, dream analysis- free association

Behaviorist

A psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment

Ivan Pavlov

1849-1936, meat powder experiment

Humanist

Psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth

Abraham Maslow, 1960s


Carl Rogers, 1960s


Rollo May, 1960s

Cognitivist

Psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use information and how thought processes influence our behavior

Jean Diaget, 1950s


Naom Chomsky, 1950s


Leon Festinger, 1950s

Psychobiologist

A psychologist who studies how physical and chemical changes in our bodies influence our behavior

Psychologist

A scientist who studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals

Psychiatry

A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders

Nature

Born with the knowledge, biological

Nurture

What you learn or are taught