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22 Cards in this Set

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The svientific study if behavior and mental processes

Physiological processes

Normal physical activities which take place in a living organism

Cognitive processes

Involve conscious intellectual activity, ways of processing information


An educated guess about some phenomenon; assumption/prediction tested through scientific research


Set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered for scientific study

Wilhelm Wundt

Germany 1879, introspection, father if systematic study & contributed much to psychology


A psychologist who studies the basic elements that make up conscious mental experiences


Study how animals and people adapt to environments, the function rather than structure of consciousness

William James

1842-1910, Father if psychology, The Principles of Psychology 1890, taught 1st psych class at Harvard in 1875

Sir Francis Galton

1822-1911, English mathematician and scientist, studied heredity and the passing if biological traits

Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Koffka

Wertheimer- 1880-1943, Köhler- 1887-1967, Koffka- 1886-1941; perception>sum of its parts- involves a "whole pattern"- Gestalt; forerunner for cognitive approaches


Psychologist who studies how conscious motoves and conflicts determine human behavior, feelings, and thoughts

Sigmund Frued

1856-1939, primitive biological urges conflict with requirements of aociety and morality, dream analysis- free association


A psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment

Ivan Pavlov

1849-1936, meat powder experiment


Psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth

Abraham Maslow, 1960s

Carl Rogers, 1960s

Rollo May, 1960s


Psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use information and how thought processes influence our behavior

Jean Diaget, 1950s

Naom Chomsky, 1950s

Leon Festinger, 1950s


A psychologist who studies how physical and chemical changes in our bodies influence our behavior


A scientist who studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals


A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders


Born with the knowledge, biological


What you learn or are taught