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39 Cards in this Set

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Health psychology

A subfield of psychology that focuses on maintaining health and preventing / treating illness.

Behavioral, social, and cognitive factors.

Behavioral medicine

Develop and integrate behavioral and biomedical knowledge to promote health and reduce illness.

behavioral, social, and biomedical factors.

Buopsychosocial Model of Health

The integration of biological, psychological, and social factors in dealing with health-related behaviors.

Health behaviors

Practices that have an impact on physical well-being.

Exercise, eating right, and brushing your teeth.

Theory of reasoned action

Specific intention, positive attitude, and approval of social group.

What's needed to make life changes

Theory of planned behavior

Specific intention, positive attitude, and approval of social group. Plus the perception of control over the outcome.

Icek Ajzen

Modified the theory of reasoned action to include the fact that not all of our behaviour are under our control

What are the five stages in the Stages of Change Model?

Precontemplation


Contemplation


Preparation


Action


Maintenance

PC PAM

Social relationships

Probably the most important variable in predicting health.

Social support

Feedback from others that one is loved, cared for, valued, and included in a network of communication.

What are three benefits of social support?

Tangible Assistant, Information and Emotional Support.

Tangible assistance

Family and friends can provide goods and services and stressful circumstances.

Gifts of food given after a loved one dies.

Social sharing

Turning to others who act as sounding boards or a willing ear.

Personality characteristics

Conscientiousness, personal control, self-efficacy, and optimism.

High levels in each of these traits leads to healthier, longer lives.

Stress

Physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioral responses to events that are perceived as threatening or challenging.

How you feel at college

Stressors

Events that cause stress reactions.

College finals

Distress

Stress is caused by unpleasant happenings.

Eustress

Stress that is caused by positive happenings

Personal control

You feel that you are responsible for and in control of your own behaviour and choices.

Learned helplessness

After repeated exposure to uncontrollable aversive events, organisms will develop a tendency to remain in stressful situations, even when espcape is possible.

What are sources of stress?

Pressure, personal control, frustration, and conflict.

Conflict

Having to choose between two options, where both options are good, bad, or both.

Approach - approach conflict

Torn between 2 desirable goals

Avoidance - avoidance conflict

torn between two undesirable goals

Approach - avoidance conflict

Choosing yes or no about a goal that has both good and bad things about it.

General adaptation syndrome

Hans Selves description of what happens when you make strong demands on the body.

Alarm stage

The body mobilizes its resources

First stage of stress

Resistance stage

The body strives mightily to endure the stressor.

The second stage of stress

Exhaustion stage

Resistance becomes depleted

The last stage of stress

Type A personality

Workaholic, perfectionist, competitive, easily annoyed.

More likely to have unhealthy heart conditions

Type B personality

Easy going, slow to anger, sloppy, and disorganized

Type C personality

Internalizes feelings, wants everyone to get along, and avoids conflict.

Mostly to get cancer

Hardy personality

Thrives on stress

Cognitive appraisal

An individual interpretation of an event as either harmful, threatening or challenging, and the person's evaluation of whether he / she has the resources to deal with the event.

Primary appraisal

Estimating severity of the stressor and classifying it as a threat, a challenge, or a lot.

Secondary appraisal

Estimating resources to deal with stressor

Coping

A kind of problem solving that involves managing stressful circumstances, expending effort to solve life's difficulties and seek to reduce stress.

Problem - focused coping

Cognitive strategy squarely facing one's troubles and trying to solve them.

Emotion - focused coping

Trying to manage onesie motional reaction to a stressor, rather than focusing on the root problem.