Cannon-Bard And The Two-Factor Theory

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Register to read the introduction… Both state that thoughts shape emotions. The Cannon-Bard and the two-factor theory still differ however in that the Cannon-Bard theory holds that physiological reactions are too slow to shape emotion, while the two-factor theory holds that emotion is shaped by physiological and then psychological reactions. These different theories provide different perspectives into emotion and each theory would explain the reaction to hearing footsteps at night differently.
According to the James-Lange theory, The theory was based on experimental data that people with spinal cord damage showed less emotion than people with undamaged spinal cords. The spinal cord relays sensory information to the brain. This was the basis for the experiment. Therefore, emotion is contingent on the brain’s interpretation of sensory information.
Therefore, if one were walking late at night and heard footsteps, the James-Lange theory holds that we would first experience a physiological reaction such as sweating or an increased heartbeat. Then, our brains would make sense of this sensory input. Our brains would interpret sweating and increased heartbeats as harbingers of danger, and we would thus feel
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The two-factor theory holds that certain cause will arouse us, or produce an undifferentiated state. Our brains will seek to explain this state of alertness and through this process, emotion is created.
For example, if one heard footsteps, we would enter a state of high alertness or arousal. Our brains would then attempt to explain why we are alerted by the sound of footsteps at night. The explanation would be that danger is imminent and we would feel the emotion of fear. The process of labeling happens so rapidly that we are often unaware of it, according to Singer.
Imagine a friend has just lost his job which helped him cover tuition expenses. Engage Lazarus and Folkman's cognitive theory of stress and describe his potential reactions to this job loss.
Lazarus and Folkman’s cognitive theory of stress
1. Stress is a transaction; how do we cope with stressful events?
a. This is a critical part of stress; our evaluation of stress. As opposed to stress as a response.
2. Encountering a stressful event, we first engage in primary appraisal.
a. Is the event harmful?
3. Secondary appraisal:
a. How can we cope with it?
b. We cannot cope: full blow stress  emotion-focused coping
c. We can cope: problem-focused coping; tackle challenges

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