According to the James-Lange theory, The theory was based on experimental data that people with spinal cord damage showed less emotion than people with undamaged spinal cords. The spinal cord relays sensory information to the brain. This was the basis for the experiment. Therefore, emotion is contingent on the brain’s interpretation of sensory information.
Therefore, if one were walking late at night and heard footsteps, the James-Lange theory holds that we would first experience a physiological reaction such as sweating or an increased heartbeat. Then, our brains would make sense of this sensory input. Our brains would interpret sweating and increased heartbeats as harbingers of danger, and we would thus feel …show more content…
The two-factor theory holds that certain cause will arouse us, or produce an undifferentiated state. Our brains will seek to explain this state of alertness and through this process, emotion is created.
For example, if one heard footsteps, we would enter a state of high alertness or arousal. Our brains would then attempt to explain why we are alerted by the sound of footsteps at night. The explanation would be that danger is imminent and we would feel the emotion of fear. The process of labeling happens so rapidly that we are often unaware of it, according to Singer.
Imagine a friend has just lost his job which helped him cover tuition expenses. Engage Lazarus and Folkman's cognitive theory of stress and describe his potential reactions to this job loss.
Lazarus and Folkman’s cognitive theory of stress
1. Stress is a transaction; how do we cope with stressful events?
a. This is a critical part of stress; our evaluation of stress. As opposed to stress as a response.
2. Encountering a stressful event, we first engage in primary appraisal.
a. Is the event harmful?
3. Secondary appraisal:
a. How can we cope with it?
b. We cannot cope: full blow stress emotion-focused coping
c. We can cope: problem-focused coping; tackle challenges