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83 Cards in this Set

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Define apologists.

Men who wrote to defend Christianity

Define bishop

Title of the early pastors or ministers who had jurisdiction over churches with a diocese

Define canon

The Bible, either Old or New testament

Define degeneration

to lesson, to grow worse, to deteriorate

Define dogmatism

The positive part of one's opinion

Define essence

the most important quality of a thing

Define harmony

blending of the four gospels in historical order

Define martyrdom

to be put to death for your faith

Define persecution

to fight against in an organized way

Define polemicists

men who wrote to attack heresy and to discuss false teachings

Define schism

a division within a group or a church

Define subordination

to put under and make less than

Define traditions

stories about church leaders based upon little or no evidence

Define zealous

enthusiastic

Much of what we know about early church history is obtained through the writings of a man named

Flavius Josephus

Who was Flavius Josephus?

A Jewish historian who made writings that were important because they gave details of Jewish history during the first century of the Christian era.

When did Flavius Josephus die?

Around A.D. 100

Why were Flavius Josephus' writings important?

Because they gave details of Jewish history during the first century of the Christian era.

The history of the church in the following two centuries (265- 339) were recorded by

Eusebius of Caesarea

Who was known as the "Father of church history"?

Eusebius of Caesarea

For the first seventy years, the Church had little ___________________ and __________________________.

social influence, no fancy church buildings

The Christians met for worship wherever they could, often in

private homes

On the Day of the Pentecost, ______________ preached repentance, baptism, and the Resurrection of Christ.

Peter

On the Day of the Pentecost, Peter preached...

repentance, baptism, and the Resurrection of Christ.

How many were saved when Peter preached on the day of the pentecost?

Three thousand

_______________ was one of the first great leaders in the early church and was an Apostle mainly to the Jews.

Peter

Who was Peter?

One of the first great leaders in the early church and was an Apostle mainly to the Jews.

Peter remained in _________________ for many years after Pentecost.

Jerusalem

A couple years after the Pentecost, Peter traveled to great cities in the

Roman Empire

Peter was martyred around _____________.

A.D. 68

Legend had it that Peter was crucified head down, because...

He did not feel himself worthy to be crucified in the same manner as Jesus

Who was John?

The author of the Gospel of John; First, Second, and Third John; and Revelation- and the son of Zebedee- was also an early church leader.

John preached in _________________, and later was exhaled to the island of ____________ where who wrote the book of _________________.

Ephesus, Patmos, Revelation

Tradition states that John was the only one to

die a natural death.

Tradition states that __________ was the only one to die a natural death.

John

John was known as the

Apostle of Love

Who was Thomas?

The Apostle who doubted the Resurrection of Jesus.

Thomas helped to spread the Gospel in ______________ and then into _____________.

Parthia, India

Tradition tells us ___________ was martyred in India

Thomas

Tradition tells us Thomas was martyred in

India

Who was Paul?

The first missionary of the Church, also known as Saul; he persecuted Christians and then changed.

Paul/Saul was present at the stoning of _______________ and held the ____________ of the executioners.

Stephen, coats

Saul was a zealous Pharisee who persecuted the Christians, but he was converted in a dramatic experience on the road to _______________ about _______________.

Damascus, A.D. 35

Paul preached throughout the ____________________ perhaps as far west as ________________.

Roman Empire, Spain

_____________ is probably the greatest figure in the early church.

Paul

Paul was arrested at the Temple in ______________ and was put in prison for ___________ years.

Jerusalem, two

In ____________, Paul was take to __________ for trial and put under house arrest for another two years.

A.D. 59, Rome

What did Tatian write?

"Letter to the Greeks"

What did Athenagoras write?

"Plea for Christians"

What did Clement of Alexandria write?

"The Instructor"

What did Origen write?

"The Principles"

What did Ireneaus write?

"Against Heresy"

What did Tertullian write?

"Against Praxis"

Donatus

bishop of Carthage

Athanasius

bishop of Alexandria

Ambrose

bishop of Milan

Jerome

secretary to Pope Damasus

Augustine

baptized by Ambrose

Eusebius

historian

Diocletian

Roman Emperor

Jerusalem

where the Apostles began to spread the faith

Nero

persecuted Christians

Apostle to the Jews

Peter

bishop of Rome

Clement

Ignatius

first to use the term "Catholic"

church fathers

wrote the first Christian literature

wrote "Against Heresy"

Ireneaus

Marcus Aurelius

had Justin killed

a historian

Eusebius

wrote the "City of God"

Augustine

(True or False) Ambrose and Constantine divided the Roman Empire.

False

(True or False) The Nicene Creed was written to draw church men together.

True

(True or False) The Western Roman Empire fell in 476

True

(True or False) The Theban Legion was killed because of their loyalty to Christ.

True

(True or False) Papias spoke of a literal millennium.

True

(True or False) The church began in the city of Rome.

False

(True or False) Man has essentially the same weaknesses and goals all through history.

True

(True or False) The political unity of the Roman Empire resulted in peace and encouraged commerce.

True

(True or False) Thomas, the disciple, became the Bishop of Rome.

False

(True or False) The apologists wrote letters that apologized for the actions of the Christians.

False

What two historical events determined the establishment of the New Testament canon?

1. Persecution of Doctriene. 2. Constantine ordered 50 copies of the New Testament

What did the Council of Laodicea in 336 recognize as the New Testament?

Every book of the current New Testament, except Revelation, was accepted,

Who are the four theologians referred to as the Latin fathers of the Roman Church?

Tertullian, Ireneaus, Jerome, Augustine