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65 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
adjectival clause
a clause used to modify or explain a noun in the sentence
adjectival phrase
a phrase where the starting word is an adjective
adverbial clause
contains a subject and a predicate and modifies a verb
adverbial phrase
a phrase that replaces an adverb in a sentence; example: I will go to bed when I finish my book.
a thing or event that existed before or logically follows another
appositive rate
a noun or phrase that renames the noun right beside it, uneccesary information
a reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong
when you edit a paper and make sure the beginnings of sentences and proper nouns have capital letters
the quality of being logical and consistent, easy to understand
logical and consistent.
the sign (:) used to mark a major division in a sentence, to indicate that what follows is an elaboration, summation, implication, etc., of what precedes; or to separate groups of numbers referring to different things, as hours from minutes in 5:30; or the members of a ratio or proportion, as in 1 : 2 = 3 : 6.
complex sentence
a sentence containing a subordinate clause or clauses.
compound sentence
a sentence with more than one subject or predicate.
the end or finish of an event or process, a judgment or decision reached by reasoning
conjunctive adverb
An adverb that indicates the relationship in meaning between two independent clauses.
a result or effect of an action or condition
controlling idea
The controlling idea is the main idea that the writer is developing in a composition. The controlling idea usually expresses a definite opinion or attitude about the topic of the composition, topic sentence
dependent clause
A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence.
the first or preliminary version of a piece of writing
a short piece of writing on a particular subject
the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.
external coherence
how it relates into the wider narrative of change and the world around us
irrelevant or unrelated to the subject being dealt with
a thing that is indisputably the case, can be proven
the sign (-) used to join words to indicate that they have a combined meaning or that they are linked in the grammar of a sentence (as in pick-me-up, rock-forming ), to indicate the division of a word at the end of a line, or to indicate a missing or implied element (as in short- and long-term ).
visually descriptive or figurative language, esp. in a literary work
not staying the same throughout
independent clause
a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought
internal coherence
does what we write in a narrative make sense if it were to stand alone, or be a book
exposition, the way an essay is introduced
introductory clause
dependent clauses that provide background information or "set the stage" for the main part of the sentence
introductory phrase
a cause leading to an effect with a comma
introductory word
words often in response to a question, such as yes or no, at the beginning of a sentence set off by a comma
main clause
a clause that can form a complete sentence standing alone, having a subject and a predicate
a thing that makes partial or minor changes to something
a view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge
organizational strategy
the way you build on your ideas to create a focused and coherent piece of writing, using a plan or a plot diagram
organizational structure
the way your writing is organized, narrative or expository
parallel structure
repetition of the same pattern of words or phrases within a sentence or passage to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance
a word formed from a verb and used as an adjective or a noun
parts of speech
a category to which a word is assigned; noun, pronoun, adjective, determiner, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection
perfect tense
A type of tense that indicates the completion of action; usually follow "to have"
personal narrative
an essay with a clearly designed focus that communicates the importance of reasons for actions and/or consequences
point of view
a particular attitude or way of considering a matter
how someone feels about a certain topic
prepositional phrase
a modifying phrase consisting of a preposition and its object
progressive tense
describes a future, ongoing action that will occur before some specified future time
punctuation mark
the symbol that goes in a sentence (commas, apostrophes, hyphens, etc.) or at the end of a sentence (periods, question marks, excalmation points, etc.)
relative pronoun
used to link a relative clause to another part of a sentence and has the job of introducing the relative clause/relates to the word it modifies
something that can be used to help you with something else; example - a dictionary
change words and sentences
asked in order to make a statement rather than to get an answer
a punctuation mark (;) indicating a pause, typically between two main clauses, that is more pronounced than that indicated by a comma
sentence structure
an independent clause that has a noun and a verb and can stand alone as a sentence
simple sentence
a sentence consisting of only one clause, with a single subject and predicate
stated purpose
the written or spoken purpose for writing a multi-paragraph essay
subordinate clause
a clause, typically introduced by a conjunction, that forms part of and is dependent on a main clause
subordinating conjunction
a conjunction that introduces a subordinate clause, e.g., although, because
to form by combining parts or elements
a statement or theory that needs to be proven in your essay
to change from one topic to another
the way you view or your opinion on things
producing powerful feelings or strong, clear images in the mind
an essay that gives information or explains a topic