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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does the word Islam mean?
"submit to the will of God"
What are the followers of Islam called?
What is the Quran?
The Quran is the most important book of Islam. It contains the story and teachings of Islam.
Who was Muhammad?
a boy born in the oasis city of Mecca
mother died and he was raised by an uncle
married a wealthy widow named Khadija
changed the history of Arabia when he became a Prophet of Allah

founder of Islam whose words are recorded in the Quran
What is the Kaaba?
Mecca's temple - it was like the Pantheon of Rome
Why did Muhammad and his followers leave Mecca?
disagreement between Muhammad and city leaders

Muhammad criticized the Meccan's way of life and their belief in many gods
What does hijra mean?
Arabic for "migration" - major turning point in Islamic history
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
the five basic duties of all Muslims
1-the belief in one God and that Muhammad was Allah's prophet
2-prayers offered 5 times a day
3-giving to those in need
4-fast during the holy month of Ramadan
5-to visit Mecca once in their lives if they can afford it
What is a pilgrimage?
a journey for religious purposes
What customs do nearly all Muslims practice today?
honor the end of Ramadan with a joyful
wear new clothes to celebrate the beginning of the month following the long fast
millions of Muslims make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca
women teach children about the Quran
son & daughters memorize large parts of the Quran