The Wahhabi Movement

1. Explain what the 5 Pillars of Islam are.

The five pillars of Islam or obligatory duties to God are the profession of faith (acknowledges a single God and Muhammad was his prophet which affirms Islam’s absolute monotheism to model themselves after his messenger), prayer (has to be performed five times a day to worship God by the muezzin (caller to prayer) from on the top of a mosque’s minaret as well as facing towards Mecca in a set ritual as part of an individual and communal obligation), almsgiving (a usually owed 2.5 percent of their accumulated wealth and assets for payment of the zakat in order to attend to the social welfare of their community to worship of God by passing on economic inequalities through an alms tax or poor tithe),
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What is the Wahhabi movement and where is it found?

The Wahhabi movement is a modern religious movement for revivalism during the eighteenth century which was found on Saudi Arabia that was best known for its formative influence staring off in large area of Arabia until it influenced other revivalists like that in Africa and India to ideological worldviews of various contemporary Muslims. This was primarily founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703-92) joining alongside Muhammad ibn Saud (d. 1765) that held a diagnosis was: similar to that of other revivalists: The political weakness of the community and its moral decline were due to a deviation from the straight path of Islam. Its cure was equally obvious: Muslims must return to true Islamic practice. This could be achieved only by a repetition of Islam’s first great reformation, the social and moral revolution led by Muhammad, by living the community life based strictly on the Qur’an and Muhammad’s example [via rejecting blind imitation (taqlid) and embrace of ijtihad to essentially purify the religion of Islam from uncleanness and innovations]. (Esposito, 2011, p. 144) 4. Discuss contemporary Islamic movements, especially the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and the

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