It cannot be argued that the growth rate of world population has drastically increased over the years. Whilst reaching the figure of 5 billion has been a challenge to the world, the sixth and seventh billions of people were added to global population in record 12 years time (Haub & Gribble 2011). Moreover, the population is projected to reach 9 billion people in 40 years (C.G.W 2014). Such rapid growth raises an argument of whether it affects world’s economic development, environment and resource availability (Grenham 2012). Though some people state that increases in population may be beneficial for the world’s economy and development in general, it is evident that various challenges associated with overpopulation will arise in the future
…show more content…
This means that the more people are living on earth, the greater environmental damage is made, and it is becoming harder and harder for the planet to recover from harmful actions of humanity. With the short-term focus of daily human activities, environmental degradation in the long-term is inevitable (Cassils 2004). As Lam (2011) points out, increased level of various commodities consumption is becoming less sustainable and this adds to overall environmental suffering of the world.
In order to overcome environmental challenges that arise because of population growth several steps may be undertaken. People need to increase resource allocation efficiency. “We are facing overconsumption disaster and not an overpopulation disaster,” Pearce claims (2010, p. 32). That is why it is not increase in people numbers humanity has to deal with; it is worlds’ growing consumption appetites. One of the simplest ways to resolve this issue is restricting access to resources (Brown & Cameron 2000). However, establishing property rights for common resources contradicts with social norms, so it is hardly possible to realize. Another approach is increasing prices of resources through various corrective measures, such as taxes (Brown & Cameron 2000). Nonetheless, due to lack of public support and signiﬁcant rates of noncompliance, legal reducing of consumption may have little success; thus, it is vital to explain people why conservation of resources is