Essay on Why the United States Should Stop Using Nuclear Energy
Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who met with Enrico Fermi, another renowned physicist, to propose the idea of the possibility of creating a self-sustaining chain reaction (6). The first self-sustaining chain reaction reactor was developed in 1942 when Fermi led several other scientists at the University of Chicago to discuss their different theories and discoveries (7). The world’s first nuclear reactor is known as Chicago Pile 1 (7). On December 7th, 1942, the Chicago Pile 1 became self-sustaining marking the introduction for future reactors (7). In the mid- 1950s, a crucial goal of nuclear energy was to show that it could produce electricity for commercial use (8). The first commercial generating plant that was powered by nuclear energy was located in Shippingport, Pennsylvania and reached the zenith of its full design power in 1957 (8).
Nuclear energy should end because it has led to several nuclear accidents such as the Chalk River, Three Mile Island Incident, South Ural Mountains and the Fukushima disaster. These incidents occur when the generated radioactivity is not properly contained. The first nuclear incident occurred in 1952. This occurred when 4 control rods were removed by accident resulting in a partial meltdown of a reactor’s core at Chalk River (278). The Three Mile Incident occurred in March 28th