Type 2 Diabetes Research Paper

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The purpose of this study is to research the disease Type 2 Diabetes and to discover whether it is being effectively treated and prevented in Merced County, California. According to the National Institutes of Health, Diabetes Mellitus is “a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. It is also the most common form of Diabetes”.1 Furthermore, there are many risk and lifestyle factors associated with this disease, but the most prevalent are; obesity (#1 risk factor), sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, family history and genetics, increased age, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, and a history of gestational diabetes.2 The long term complications of having type 2
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By understanding the risk factors, or social determinants related to those with type 2 diabetes in Merced County, we can hope to improve the overall health of those with the disease, and slow or prevent others with a predisposition to diabetes.
Literature Review
The overabundance of literature and research regarding type 2 diabetes reveals a significant relationship between the disease and a person’s behavioral and lifestyle choices. While researchers don’t know why some individuals develop diabetes and others don’t, what is known is that poor diet, lack of exercise, weight, family history, race, and lack of access to healthcare are key factors associated with the disease.9 According to several recent studies, including a study from the World Health Organization, lifestyle factors, namely poor diet and obesity act as the catalyst for the disease as more and more people are eating a calorie-dense diet of processed foods riddle with refined sugars.10 This behavior coupled with inactivity from a sedentary lifestyle leads to type 2 diabetes mellitus. While behavior and lifestyle factors are closely associated with diabetes, there are several other

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