Essay on Turkey and the Arab World: Follow our lead!

2426 Words 10 Pages
Historically, the nation of Turkey has been a major player on the international political front. With its geography situating Turkey at the interstices of Europe and the Middle East, the Turkish state has held a unique and highly fluctuating role in both regions.
Despite long-standing allegiances to the West, during the last decade; dominated by the Islamist Justice and Development Party (AKP), a large Muslim population, and a charismatic leader (Prime Minister) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Turkey has witnessed growing trade and relations with its Middle Eastern neighbors, significant economic growth, and an apparent growing appetite for combative international affairs.
Nevertheless, as the events continue to take place in the region, the
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Instability began to emerge, while apathy began to become the norm. The once great empire began to dissolute.
By the end of the 19th Century, the Ottoman Empire began to lose its aura as a major colonial empire. Their empire began to crumble, with important colonies lost to other colonial powers, such as Great Britain and France. Furthermore, the remaining colonies that the Ottomans still governed began resisting the Ottoman rule, and started seeking independence.
At the turn of the century, the only remaining Arab territories were Greater Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Arabia; specifically the area of the Hijaz. Almost all of the Ottoman territories in North Africa were lost to either the British or the French Empires. In parallel, the empire’s capital began to face several problems within their own confines.
In 1908, a popular revolt took place in the empires capital, where a group of liberal reformists named the Young Turks led an organized revolt against the empire’s Sultan; Sultan Abdelhamid II. They forced the Sultan to change the state’s system into a constitutional monarchy, where their political party, the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), gained widespread popularity. The party’s dominance led to radical, widespread political and social reform; they introduced parliamentary rule, as well as new liberties that triggered change to major social, political, and cultural aspects of the Ottoman society .

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