Essay about Theories of Management

1194 Words 5 Pages
Theories gave organizations a framework for knowledge and a guide to achieving their goals. The Industrial Revolution prompted the need for better supervision of workers to boost productivity within the automobile, steel, and coal industries. It is because of this need that the various theories of management began to take shape.
     The classical management theory, which came about during the Industrial Revolution, focused on the single best way to perform and manage tasks. This enabled factories to operate year round and mass production of goods. But as the revolution went on, the factories divided into separate schools of thought regarding management yet still considered it to be a part of classical. The
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     The behavioral management theory saw that the employees’ needs were important. That if organizations treated their employees as assets and with dignity their enthusiasm and commitment to the organization would increase. It was Douglas McGregor who stressed that the workers were capable of exhibiting many talents with the proper motivation and the opportunity to contribute. He gathered the Theory X and Theory Y concept in which X portrayed workers as needing to be controlled and lazy. Theory Y is of the thought that regarded workers as eager to learn, responsible and creative. But because human beings are complex, managers had a tough time due to lack of training, dealing with conflicts and the various needs of various people.
     Next, around World War II, management theories moved to the mathematical approaches called quantitative school of management and management science. These allow managers to measure the effectiveness of their operations. In emergency services they use computer programs for dispatching and tracking responses to 911 calls. By using the computer program they can measure the effectiveness of response time and the number of calls they receive. In turn, that information allows them to plan, organize and staff accordingly.
     Management Information Systems (MIS), a computer program, give managers important information in

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