Essay on The Use of Anabolic Steroids

1184 Words 5 Pages
The Use of Anabolic Steroids

During the past decade, anabolic steroid abuse became a national

concern. These drugs are used illicitly by weight lifters, body builders, long

distance runners, cyclists, and others who claim that these drugs give them a

competitive advantage and/or improve their physical appearance. Overall

youth steroid use remains alarmingly high. According to the 1999 Monitoring

the Future Study, the percentage of eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders who

reported using steroids at least once in their lives has increased steadily over

the past four years (an average of 1.8 percent in 1996, 2.1 percent in 1997,

2.3 percent in 1998, and 2.8 percent in 1999).

Concerns over a growing
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In males, abnormal breast development

(gynecomastia) can occur. In females, anabolic steroids have a masculinizing

effect, resulting in more body hair, a deeper voice, smaller breasts, and fewer

menstrual cycles. Several of these effects are irreversible. In adolescents,

abuse of these agents may prematurely stop the lengthening of bones,

resulting in stunted growth.

Steroids (Anabolic-Androgenic)
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Anabolic-androgenic steroids are man-made substances related to male

sex hormones. "Anabolic" refers to muscle-building, and "androgenic" refers

to increased masculine characteristics. "Steroids" refers to the class of drugs.

These drugs are available legally only by prescription, to treat conditions that

occur when the body produces abnormally low amounts of testosterone, such

as delayed puberty and some types of impotence, and also to treat body

wasting in patients with AIDS and other diseases. Abuse of anabolic steroids

can lead to serious health problems, some irreversible.

Today, athletes and others abuse anabolic steroids to enhance performance

and also to improve physical appearance.

Anabolic steroids are taken orally or injected, typically in cycles of weeks or

months, rather than continuously, in patterns called cycling. Cycling involves

taking multiple doses of

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