The Triumph of Food Production over Hunting and Gathering Essay

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The human race was once completely dependent on hunting and gathering as its source for caloric intake. But today, that is not the case. We live in a society where that is continuously becoming more global, and that large, global population is being supported by modern food production. But what factors caused this switch to take place? The main contributors, over the last several thousand year, were the increase in calorie yield, the stability, and the benefits derived from domesticate-able animals that all result from food production.
According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, there are certain aspects of a person’s life that must be attained before that person can begin filling their higher or more complex needs to eventually reach
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It varies from year to year, but eventually a pattern is established and the society is able to have a surplus of food.
This extra food gives many benefits. The most obvious would be the increase in population. In fact, the estimated population growth rate of early agriculture societies were “around 100 times greater than those” of hunting and gathering societies. After a few thousand years, food producing societies would easily have overcome the numbers of hunting and gathering societies. The socities practicing food production would come to dominate the globe if time was the only factor that they had to work with.
The stability of a society also plays a huge role in how well they are able. As was mentioned before, stability allows for food storage. But it also contributes to the high growth rate mentioned above. If a woman has a baby that needs her attention all of the time, she is not able to contributes as much to the societies food gathering. “The main cost of children in this [foraging] context is that women have great difficulty carrying two or more young children at once, and therefore prefer to space births at least four years apart.”
If we look again at Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, “the second need is safety, such as safety from assault, from murder, and from chaos.” If you are in a society where you are able to stay in one place, almost all of these things occur immediately. You are safer from assault from another tribe of people because you know who is

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