The Global Water Shortage Essay

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“At least 36 states are expected to face water shortages within the next five years, according to U.S. Government estimates,” cites David Gutierrez, a journalist for Natural News, an online journal (Gutierrez 1). This is an astounding number; another shocking statistic is that seventy-two percent of the United States geographical area will face imminent shortages of a material vital to survival. The question is no longer whether or not a water shortage is in our near future; the real question is where this catastrophe will occur, how severe its effects will be, and how society can reduce its impact.
The earth is covered by about seventy percent water, in various forms, and thirty percent land mass. Of this seventy percent water only
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While sea levels have been drastically rising, water retention on land has been drastically reduced. Gutierrez states in his article Thirty-Six U.S. States to Face Water Shortages in the Next Five Years that “Florida has no shortage of rainfall, widespread draining and paving of the region’s natural wetlands has left the water unable to drain back into the soil.” This lack of preservation of natural clean water supply is an enormous concern.
As our natural sources of water have slowly been dwindling, as a human race we have become more dependent on rainfall, opening ourselves also to potential disasters, which include but are not limited to the threat of droughts. As of late there have been crushing worldwide droughts. In Australia the droughts have continued for so long that experts are not sure to qualify it as an extended drought or a newly set extremely dry and hot climate (Walsh 2). This means that there is a reduction in both readily available drinking water and water used in agricultural cultivation. When crop production is decreased due to a lack of water, many fields are left un-sown, or fallow. When this happens for an extended amount of time the sun absorbs moisture from the land, and because there are no plants to retain the water or nutrients in the soil, a dustbowl effect is created. This simply means that the soil will not be able to support future plant life. Saudi Arabia is a prime example of reducing the agricultural water supply for

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