Essay on The Controversy and Ethical Debate Surrounding Euthanasia
Dr. Death’s case erupted an argument that is still debated within ethical committee. This disputed brought forth many distinctions and classifications in euthanasia in order to find a cogent solution. Euthanasia has been codified into two variations; active and passive. Active and passive euthanasia differ in the that the first is directly inflicting the death of the sick person by the doctor or a third-party, while the latter is defined as letting the person die by withdrawing life support or ceasing treatment (McDougall, Gorman and Roberts). Euthanasia is then further classified into three categories. Firstly is voluntary euthanasia, which is when the patient gives the consent to undergo the procedure. Secondly is non-voluntary euthanasia, which is done when the patient is not able to give his consent, when he is in a coma for example. Last but not least, is non-voluntary euthanasia, which is when the procedure is done against the will of the patient (McDougall, Gorman and Roberts).
Euthanasia has been a controversial ethical issue throughout time. Like many other ethical issues it is hard to inaugurate a universal rule