Sustainability in Indonesia´s Rainforest Essay

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The concept of ‘Just Sustainability’ incorporates not only environmental sustainability but also a need to strive towards social justice and equity. According to Agyeman sustainability is “the need to ensure a better quality of life for all, now and into the future, in a just and equitable manner, while living within the limits of supporting ecosystems.” (Agyeman et al. 2003 as cited in Agyeman 2005: 43) Both the desire for sustainability and development can be cause for many social justice and human equity issues, but in order to fulfil the idea of ‘Just Sustainability,’ all of these things need to be taken into account. (Agyeman 2005: 43) An example of how social justice and equity needs to be addressed alongside a sustainability plan …show more content…
As of 2009, over 1100 threatened species existed within Indonesian rainforests (United Nations 2011), and this incredibly bio-diverse resource could be completely depleted as early as 2057 should deforestation continue at the rate it currently is (Guppy 1984: 928). However, if conserved, tropical rainforests “could be one of humanity’s greatest renewable resources (Guppy 1984: 929).”

According to Lopez and Galinato, there are three primary causes to the deforestation in Indonesia. These are agricultural expansion, government promotion of the timber industry, and transmigration or forced government-sponsored resettlements of urban dwellers to rural forested areas (2005: 147). This essay aims to look at these three causes as the driving powers to deforestation in Indonesia, and address the concept of ‘Just Sustainability’ in relation to these factors. It will also look at the practices of resource management among indigenous Indonesians and the model of community forest management (Eghenter 2000: 344). All of these causes to deforestation have also had effects, both to the environment and to people. This principle is the same when reversed; anything that is done to work towards the sustainability of rainforest deforestation will have an inherent effect on people. This needs to be taken into full account when thinking about a long term sustainability plan for Indonesian rainforests. Deforestation has served to alleviate poverty and develop the country

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