In order to explain what is electricity, first we must start off with talking about an atom. An atom is made up of protons neutrons, and electrons. The protons (positive charge) and neutrons (neutral charge) form the nucleus, while the electrons (negative charge) orbit around the nucleus. The atom is considered balanced if the protons and electrons are the same. But, if the atom loses or gains an electron it becomes an unbalanced atom. Losing electrons makes the atom have a positive charge because there are more positively charged protons than electrons. Gaining electrons make the atom have a negative charge because there are more negatively charged electrons than protons. Since there’s a missing electron, either the electron that
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Nuclear fission plants should be put near the ocean and the city using the electricity, but should still be built a safe distance away. States having lots of populated areas but still have lots of unpopulated land and have large rivers or an ocean are the best and safest place to be located. Nuclear power is one of the more costly electricity sources due to cost of building the plants, storing or getting rid of nuclear waste, etc… The price is 11-14 cents per kilowatt hour. If some radiation was to escape the nuclear power plant it would cause havoc on the environment. Not only this, but having to put spent rods and storing them can cause problems too. They are highly toxic and can cause some radiation to be given off to the surrounding wildlife and people. You can transfer nuclear energy but at a cost. It’s very expensive to transport and is very risky and dangerous. Not many people would be happy to have a nuclear power plant near them. It’s understandable. Meltdowns can happen and if they do, you are at risk for radiation poisoning.
Nuclear fusion is similar to nuclear fission being they are both forms of nuclear energy. Nuclear fusion is the joining of smaller atoms in order to form a bigger one. (www.energyquest.ca.gov)
• No air pollution
• Be able to have limitless amount of fuel
• In case of emergency, it’s easier to stop than fission
• Doesn’t require a lot of fuel to do Cons