1. Freud defines three stages of sexuality, the oral, the anal and the oedipal stage. An infant in its oral stage learns that there is an external world through pleasure and pain. Human nature is governed by the pleasure principle. When the infant is being breast fed he/she feels pleasure and when pulled away from the breast the baby feels pain. The pleasure principle is a way of seeking pleasure in order to avoid pain. We can’t be happy all the time because three things threaten us.
First of all our own bodies can’t handle too much pleasure at once, eventually our bodies get older and death is inevitable. Second, natural phenomenon’s get in our way, and third our relationships with others. We are emotionally dependent on others and when
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The male needs to gain genital pleasure no matter the consequences so he begins to associate pleasure with one woman. The male wants to keep this woman close to him and therefore he also has to keep their children. The woman stays with him for the protection he provides for her and the children. Only the male can determine who will and will not receive pleasure. The reason why this family is formed is because the forceful male wants pleasure and he needs the children to do the work that he is not willing to do. The primal male becomes known as ‘The Law’ and since he takes this role he feels he should be receiving all the pleasure. The children must work for him and he is the source of their pain. In Time B, the brothers come together and form the ‘brother band’ and use their collective will to kill the father that has caused them so much pain. After his parricide the brothers will begin to fight one another to gain the power that their father once had possessed.
Time C is the time of chaos, the brothers are fighting one another to gain power and the women have to take over. The women keep the order and inform the brothers that the chaos is a result of the death of ‘The Law’. In Time D, the father (the Law) returns as a symbolic totem. The concept of ‘taboo’ is introduced and the brothers must renounce their instincts and have to sublimate their love. The incest taboo forces them to stop trying to dominate the economy of pleasure. Due to the renunciation of instincts,