Sigmund Freud's Drive Theory Analysis

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Freud, perhaps made the greatest contribution to Psychotherapy and as part of that contribution, most of the current theories of Psychology are developed based on or in part of Freud’s views on development and personality (Sharf, 2012, p. 28). As part of Freud’s Psychoanalysis, he developed the drive theory of personality, Ego Psychology, Object Relations Psychology, Self Psychology, and Relational Psychoanalysis. Freud’s Drive Theory is one of the most controversial therapeutic views, which contains the theories of innate drives that differ from the self-preservation drive, and the species-preservation drives (2012, p.32). The concepts of the drive theory include drive, instinct, libido, eros, and thanatos. He also developed concepts …show more content…
87). Jung was a reader of philosophy, which included Kant, Carus, von Hartmann, and Leibniz. Jung increased is understanding of the unconscious he needed to meet different cultures and societies (2012, p. …show more content…
The levels of consciousness include three levels, the conscious level, being the level individuals know directly, the personal unconscious, made up of thoughts, feelings, and perceptions stored in a person unconscious, and collective unconscious, which contrasts with personal unconscious. Jung has places emphasis on understanding symbols of unconscious material, which leads to labeling of archetypes and symbols.
Jung believed, “Archetypes are pathways from the collective unconscious to the conscious, which may lead to an action” (2012, p. 88). The archetypes of personality are persona, meaning mask, anima and animus represent quality of the opposite sex, shadow is the unacceptable personal impulses, and self is the energy. Symbols are the content and outward expression of archetypes. Jung amplified the meaning of symbols in dreams to apply meaning.
Personality attitudes and functions are dimensions are both conscious and unconscious. These can be seen in extraversion and introversion personalities. Extroverts are concerned with the outside world, while, introverts, are more concerned with their thoughts and

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