Essay about Sickle Cell Disease

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Sickle Cell is a disease that affects many people in the world today. It is the number one genetic disorder in the United States. Sickle Cell is deficient hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is what functions in providing oxygen to the cells in the body. The sickle shape comes from the atypical hemoglobin s molecules. Hemoglobin molecules are composed of two different parts called the alpha and beta. The beta subunit of the hemoglobin molecule has a mutation in gene, on chromosome 11 which produces the change in the red blood cell shape causing them to die and not reproduce accurately. The change in shape causes the red blood cells to get stuck in the blood vessels and block the effectiveness of oxygen transport causing pain and organ damage to the …show more content…
The question of socio economic class is always at the fourth front of these types of diseases. In some studies at the Lagos University teaching Hospital there is mention of some rural areas receiving less information and treatment because of where they live. In other studies it was also found that children linked to parents in elite status were healthier in weight compared to those in a non-elite status. The nutritional status of these patients was affected by the socio economic position held. In a study conducted by the Help association in Atlanta Georgia it was identified that people of lower economic class at a higher federal poverty level did not receive the same types of treatments for patients with SCD (Sickle Cell Disease) vs. those in other socio economic classes. Parents and guardians of children with SCD were confronted with barriers when needing treatment because of their socioeconomic class and troubled history. The Studied suggested that Patients with SCD should not be exposed to unhealthy and poor conditions of living being that these conditions compromise their health and sensitive immune systems. SCD patients living in poverty with inadequate homes are more at risk of recurrent symptoms of the disease and at risk for the spreading of infectious diseases. Patients in this socio economic category had higher hospitalization rates and

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