Pythagoras of Samos is a man who was more than just a mathematician. A Greek philosopher, founder of the Pythagorean brotherhood, he was an extremely important political figure for his time. He invented vegetarianism and created one of the first secret organizations. Not much is known about his mathematical achievements because he never wrote anything down. It is unsure where his views end and his disciple’s views began. He influenced Plato and Aristotle and made contributions to the development of mathematics and western philosophy. Details of Pythagoras's life stem from early biographies and there are conflicting reports of his birth date and death. It is clear that his father’s name was Mnesarchus and his mother’s
…show more content…
Pythagoras created his first school in the city of Samos. It was called the ‘semicircle’ of Pythagoras because this is where the citizens held meeting s on goodness and justice. It was only fitting that they have these discussions there because it was this man who made it his business to be interested in these subjects. Outside the city he had a private cave that he called home to all of his philosophical teaching and mathematical research. Pythagoras left Samos for a number of reasons; the Samians were rude to him and not interested in his new symbolic method of teaching, and the citizens wanted him to be a vital part in the town’s public affairs and he wanted nothing more than not to be a part of that. Ultimately, he used the non-acceptance excuse to get away and move to a small town named Croton located in southern Italy.
Living comfortably in Croton, Pythagoras founded the school he was known for. This philosophical and religious Society consisted of two circles inner being the most devout and outer given less restriction. Pythagoras was at the head of the Society and the inner circle was named the mathematikoi. The mathematikoi lived permanently within the society, had no
personal possessions and were vegetarians. They were taught directly by Pythagoras and were meant to obey strict rules. “The beliefs that Pythagoras held were:
(1) That at its deepest level, reality is mathematical in nature,
(2) That philosophy can be used for spiritual