Perinatal and Prenatal Environmental Influences on the Development of Children
During the late 1950’s and early 1960’s the devastating thalidomide tragedy brought awareness to the public the causation between birth defects and use of chemical’s during pregnancy. An estimated 10,000 birth …show more content…
Environmental events that may adversely affect the development of a child is still underestimated and not fully understood and negative affects to cognitive development is not immediately observed upon birth. It is crucial during sensitive periods of growth for a mother to sustain from exposure to environmental hazards which can cause irreversible prenatal damage to the physical and cognitive development of the fetus. The embryonic period from three to eight weeks is the time when serious defects are most likely to occur because the foundations for all the body parts are being laid down (Berk, L. 2008). The negative effects of teratogens go beyond immediate physical damage, psychological consequences may occur indirectly as a result of prior physical damage prenatally (Berk, L. 2008).
Early exposure to