Causes Of Pregnancy And Recommendations To Pam

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Pam is a 30 year old woman who is in her third pregnancy with a BMI of 24 before being pregnant, which is considered normal (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 2015). She has gained 20 pounds throughout the pregnancy and she is 30 weeks pregnant. According to the Nutritional Foundations and Clinical Applications textbook, a woman who has a normal body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy will gain 25-35 pounds in total but only 1 pound per week in the second and third trimester (Grodner et al, 2016). Approximately, Pam should weigh about 15-25 pounds during the 7 ½ months. She is currently at the normal range of weight gain at 30 weeks, but should be advised that she should only gain about 10 more pounds by 40 weeks. If she …show more content…
Research shows that “regular participation in aerobic dance exercise can contribute to significantly reduce weight gain during pregnancy” (Haakstad & Bo, 2011)Effect of regular exercise on prevention of excessive weight gain in pregnancy). Another piece of advice that can be given to Pam is changing her diet intake and eating …show more content…
These chemicals are passed on to the baby via the placenta and umbilical cord into the baby’s bloodstream. These chemicals can decrease the amount of oxygen the baby receives. This lack of oxygen can slow a baby’s development before birth, which can cause damage to the baby’s heart lungs and brains. It also explains smoking during pregnancy can cause an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy occur when the mature fertilized egg implants itself outside of the uterus and begins to grow. The result is that the baby cannot be born and it can cause serious, dangerous problems for the pregnant woman. Smoking while pregnant increases risk placental abruption, which is a severe condition where the placenta detaches from the wall of the uterus before birth. If this happens, the baby may not get enough oxygen and nutrients in the womb and the mother may have serious bleeding. Placental previa occurs when the placenta lies very low in the uterus and covers all or part of the cervix. The cervix is the opening to the uterus that sits at the top of the vagina. During birth, the blockage of the cervix can cause serious bleeding placing the baby and mother at serious risk. Smoking during pregnancy can also lead to birth defects. Birth defects are health conditions that are present at childbirth. They change the structure or function of one or more

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