Many ethical and logical factors must be incorporated into a business in order for a company to advance. One factor that is necessary from the beginning steps of development through the many years of a business is motivation. Whether the business is a mom-and-pop shop or a huge corporation, each requires motivated employees that strive to improve the goods or services of the business. There can be multiple ways we can motivating ourselves and motivate others. Several theories have been put into place identifying various forms of motivation, one of which is called the Goal-Setting Theory. By researching this form of motivation that is used in the workplace, I will comment on the theory’s positive and negative aspects as well as bring in
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A positive use of the Goal Setting Theory is found when Robbins and Judge say that using the phrase “just do your best” isn’t the right approach. In fact, using specific goals actually produce a higher and more efficient level of output then when using the generalized goal of “do you best”. That’s because the specificity of a particular goal “seems to act as an internal stimulus” (214).
Although the Goal- Setting Theory does assist in many workplace situations, the theory does have limitations. Locke and Latham admit in The Small Business Chronicle that one limitation it portrays is the range in which the goals may or may not foster interest in employees. Learning a goal doesn’t always spark interest in an individual, and goals based on interest don’t necessarily facilitate learning. According to managementstudyguide.com, the Goal-Setting Theory may be limited if the employees given the particular job are lacking competencies and skills to perform the given goal. This can cause the goal-setting to fail which may create undermining in specific performance.
Another is the factor they share is that often goals are set too high, which leads to both a stimulation in risky behavior as well as personal discouragement to employees. Workers may feel the pressure of exceeding at a goal set too high, which may tempt individuals to take risky actions to pursue the give goals, which instead of success may