Increasing Terrorist Threat: Al Shabaab Essay

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The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the increasing terrorist threat to the United States, and western interests alike, by a growing radical group named Al Shabaab, primarily located in Somalia. The United States (U.S.) and the United Kingdom (U.K.) have described this radical group as a terrorist organization with strong ties to Al-Qaida. Due to the presence of Coalition Forces in Afghanistan, Al-Qaida has been on the hunt for a new, more permissive territory from which to operate. Somalia is an unstable country plagued by decades of political corruption, violence, and economic instability that make it a prime refuge for Al Shabaab to operate. As Al Shabaab tries to gain a stronghold in Somalia, any forces that threaten …show more content…
1). In 2003, after a dispute between AIAI members, the group disbanded and some of the AIAI members formed the new politically charged Islamic group named Al-Shabaab, “meaning The Youth in Arabic” (News, p. 1). Al-Shabaab’s goal was to create a unified Somalia under Islamic Law and ultimately gain control of the country.
Since the inception of Al-Shabaab, the organization has been in a constant struggle to maintain a stronghold in Somalia. Between the invasion of Ethiopian forces into Somalia in 2006 and again in 2011, Ugandan forces in 2007, Kenyan forces in 2011, as well as African Union (AU) forces backed by the United Nations (UN) occupying portions of Somalia, Al-Shabaab has increased its offensive attacks on all those that hinder their objectives in order to protect their domination over Somalia. Al-Shabaab still maintains control over many rural areas within Somalia, but the cities of Mogadishu and Kismayo remain a constant struggle. In 2011, AU forces regain control over Mogadishu. After Al-Shabaab forces kidnapped one tourist and killed another while staying at one of Kenya’s elite resorts, Kenya retaliated and sent forces to invade Somalia in response to the killing, ultimately gaining control over the much sought after port city of Kismayo. Kenya relies heavily on tourism as a source of economic revenue. Mogadishu is the heart of Somalia and is the location of the current Somalian

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