Essay on Groups

572 Words 3 Pages

Group Processes and Structures

One of the most elementary aspects of group formation may be the experience of common fate, the perception that ones outcomes are bound up with those of others.
An even stronger form of interdependence is that shaped by the task goals of the group. Where these bring people into a positive relationship with one another then cooperation, cohesion and enhanced group performance are likely. Negative interdependence on the other hand leads to competition, reduced liking for others in the group and usually lower performance.

As the group develops, the roles to be occupied by individuals emerge and develop This process of role differentiation emerges where there is a new group one individual may
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Where there is very low cohesiveness, a collection of individuals almost ceases to be a group. Cohesiveness can be defined in terms of attractiveness of the group to its members and the attractiveness of members of the group to each other, and the degree to which the group satisfies the goal of individual members and acts on those members. (Festinger)

Group decision making

Given that one of the most important functions which groups perform is that of decision-making. Davies in a model called social decisions schemes has related the strictness of the rules adopted in discussions leading to the forming of decisions to the concentration of power. This is a mathematical modellig approach which attempts to stimulate various possible methods of combining individual contribution to the group decision

Tuckmans developmental model explains how groups approach decision making

FORMING: Getting acquainted. Breaking down of interpersonal barriers.

STORMING: Interpersonal disagreements arise people begin to adopt roles, certain types of roles are created. Conflict is generated and if not resolved a search may be made for a scapegoat .

NORMING: Differentation into roles continues. Status hierarchy may be made which is regularized through norms.

PERFORMING: Roles and norms now clearly

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