Essay on Groups
Group Processes and Structures
One of the most elementary aspects of group formation may be the experience of common fate, the perception that ones outcomes are bound up with those of others.
An even stronger form of interdependence is that shaped by the task goals of the group. Where these bring people into a positive relationship with one another then cooperation, cohesion and enhanced group performance are likely. Negative interdependence on the other hand leads to competition, reduced liking for others in the group and usually lower performance.
As the group develops, the roles to be occupied by individuals emerge and develop This process of role differentiation emerges where there is a new group one individual may …show more content…
Group decision making
Given that one of the most important functions which groups perform is that of decision-making. Davies in a model called social decisions schemes has related the strictness of the rules adopted in discussions leading to the forming of decisions to the concentration of power. This is a mathematical modellig approach which attempts to stimulate various possible methods of combining individual contribution to the group decision
Tuckmans developmental model explains how groups approach decision making
FORMING: Getting acquainted. Breaking down of interpersonal barriers.
STORMING: Interpersonal disagreements arise people begin to adopt roles, certain types of roles are created. Conflict is generated and if not resolved a search may be made for a scapegoat .
NORMING: Differentation into roles continues. Status hierarchy may be made which is regularized through norms.
PERFORMING: Roles and norms now clearly