Environmental Policies and Yemen's Water Crisis Essay

1081 Words 5 Pages
Introduction
An environmental policy refers to the commitment of an organization to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues and sustainability. These environmental issues can pertain to anything from air and water pollution to deforestation and solid waste management. Today, we live in a world full of developing countries that face environmental issues and degradation every day. Yemen, known to be one of the least developed countries, is facing various environmental issues, as well as social and political challenges while on its way to development and becoming a much more stable country.
Aside from facing a poor education system, and a lack of access to health, Yemen faces a much more detrimental
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Yemen’s gross national income per capita is $544 US per year, and its economic growth has fell to 2.7 percent in 2004. Yemen is both the poorest country and the most water-scarce country in the Arab world. Yemen has various environmental issues such as limited natural freshwater resources, lacking supplies of portable water, desertification, and soil erosion. The most scarce environmental issue that Yemen is facing today is the water crisis. Water supply and sanitation in Yemen is depicted by many challenges. The crucial challenge is severe water scarcity as mentioned before. Other challenges include a high level of poverty, and low access to clean water and sanitation. Yemen’s access to running water is available in many parts of the country, but yet most villages remain without it. Since few can afford to pay for water to be pumped to their building, public urban fountains, which are free, remain the only option for most (IRIN News 2013). Some of the things to blame for drying up the city are failed governance and an environmental mismanagement. Aside from both of those reasons, there is another factor to blame, the cultivation of qat. Qat is a flowering plant that is inborn in the northern part of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. It is a mild narcotic plant that releases a stimulant when chewed (Global 2013). Qat accounts for up to 40 percent of the water that’s taken

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