Disorders of the Endocrine System Essay

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Diabetes Insipidus is the less known form of diabetes. It is often accompanied by excess urine outflow, intake of fluid, and an increased thirst. Bedwetting due to lack of control and frequency, and an unusual concentration of urine is included. There are four types of DI, and each are completely different in treatment and causes. Most commonly, the cause is the lack of vasopressin, which concentrates urine to reduce its output. It is called pituitary DI because it is usually caused by the destruction of the back of the pituitary gland. It cannot be cured, but drugs can help with symptoms. Gestational DI is caused by pregnancy and usually disappears a few weeks after delivery. The placenta uses the vasopressin too fast and causes it. The …show more content…
Actual treatment is growth hormone injections that rarely have serious side effects. These treatments add quite a few inches to their stature. Pituitary gigantism happens in children, before the growth plates fuse. Accelerated growth rates are seen, just the opposite of dwarfism. There is little bone deformity, but swelling of the soft tissue occurs, along with enlargement of the peripheral nerves. The pituitary gland secretes too much growth hormone, normally because of a tumor. Treatments include radiation or surgery. Radiation may not take right away, and most often surgery accompanies it. Acromegaly is very similar to pituitary gigantism simply because it is the same thing, just in adults. All the bones that keep growing (i.e. feet, hands, nose) as you age are effected. The growth hormone is produced without being inhibited due to tumors and is taken out by surgery and/or radiation. Related symptoms include headaches, excessive sweating, and joint pain. Cushing syndrome is associated with high levels of cortisol. Reasons for these high levels include the pituitary gland producing too much ACTH, which inhibits the release of cortisol, taking too much medicine containing cortisol, such as for asthma, and tumors on the adrenal gland, liver or pancreas. Symptoms are wide and vary from acne and bruising to upper body obesity, accompanied by thin arms and legs, and moon face. Treatment depends on the cause.

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