Discovery of the Self Essay

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Philosophy originates from the Latin words Philo and Sophia meaning 'love of wisdom'. This love of wisdom doesn't always come easy, and often students of philosophy will question everything they previously knew, but questioning is the precise purpose of philosophy. Sometimes the answers aren't always there, and everyone's answers are not the same; this is the joy of philosophy. An important aspect of philosophy is the aspect of the self. In the textbook Philosophies for Living, edited by Robert Timko and Joan Hoff, various authors provide contrasting sets of ideas and beliefs pertaining to the self. It is my goal that through this essay, the reader will be able to understand my viewpoints and answers, based on textual citations from the …show more content…
While the idea that humans have a physical, "animal body", in both the Old and New Testaments of the Bible, they also claim that human nature is superior to animal nature. Human's have a dualistic self, divine and material, and are made in God's image. Even though we are made out of the same matter as the animals we are granted domain over them because the possession of potential wisdom of our own mortality and limitations in power and goodness. The connection to the animals shows the material aspect of the self, while the conscious awareness belongs to the soul and divine aspect of the self, and the soul is what is the "image" of God that we are created in; this is the view of the self from the Judaic Christians. Although this ideology of the self is valid to anyone who wishes to believe in it, I would refute this view of the self with one known from the Akan philosophy of the self. Briefly, this view of the self consists of three portions of the self. In the section African Dualism, Kwame Gyekye tells us about the interactions of soul, spirit, and body. He explains that although our soul may define our essence, our spirit is a vital force in our lives. The spirit is the active part of the soul, and it is our spirit that defines our personality according to Akan belief. The Okra is equal to the soul of the self, it is immaterial; the Sunsum is equal to the spirit, but is in between the immaterial and the material worlds; while the Honam is the

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