INTRODUCTION The Victorian era, a time of change in industry, education and family life brought us the famous Conan Doyle detective - Sherlock Holmes. At a point in history where wealth, media and intelligence were becoming more and more prominent in British society the mystery genre became as popular as today's soaps. Doyle's crime formula could be described as a masterpiece, his stories always involving the same fundamental factors that kept his readers hooked. These factors can be seen in The Adventures of the Speckled Band, Helen Stoner the helpless victim, Doctor Roylott the clever villain, a thorough investigation carried out by Holmes followed by a deduction, and a serving of justice. But the question is, how and why did these
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Holmes' carefully thought through characteristics made him relatable to some and aspirational to others - an all round likeable person. Conan Doyle played the current social standings to Sherlock?s favour. At the time, crime was on the rise and the police appeared useless and without control. In a reader pleasing line, Holmes rubbishes the police force, and when talking about the villain Roylott says ?fancy him having the insolence to confound me with the official detective force?. This further enforces his appeal to the readers. This was proved when Doyle killed off Sherlock in 1892. The Victorian readers were so outraged that the pressure resulted in a further Sherlock Holmes story being written in 1902.
DOCTOR WATSON In The Adventures of the Speckled Band, the main narrative comes from Holmes' sidekick, Watson. The story is told through his eyes. This is an effective tool in the mystery genre as it gives the readers the ability to solve the mystery alongside Holmes and Watson. Throughout the story, Holmes shares his ideas and clues with Watson and in turn the readers. This makes them feel more involved in the story and gave them the feeling that they knew exactly what had happened, making them also a good detective.
In the most dramatic and gripping parts of the story as Sherlock begins to reveal the important clues, Doyle uses Watson to act as the voice of the reader. He asks the questions such as ?But