Essay China's One Child Policy

2070 Words 9 Pages
China's One Child Policy

In 1950, the world human population numbered 2.5 billion. In 1987, the global human population has doubled since 1950, and for the first time, it has exceeded the 5 billion mark. Furthermore, with the continuation of this growth pattern, estimated by demographic researchers, this number is projected to double once more in about 40 years (Raven 48). The rapidly population has caused many incalculable effects on the earth, and scientists have been warning the world of such costly events. According to their studies, tropical forests, equivalent to the size of Washington state, which measures about 17 million hectares, disappear every year, and the disappearance has contributed to the to rising of global
…show more content…
In 1949, the people’s Republic of China was established, and I 1990, the Fourth national Census was conducted. In 1949, the new China had 583 million people, and I 1990, the result of the census shows the country’s human race numbered 1.134 billion (Tian 2-3). In addition, since 1949, the country has encountered three baby booms in its astounding population growth history, and until the present, the country is still experiencing its third explosion in human growth (Hou 26-27). Under Chairman Mao’s leadership, the first baby boom started in the early 1950’s, and second baby boom started in 1963 (Hou 26). During that time, Chinese couples were encouraged to produce more children, because of Chairman Mao’s deeply-rooted belief that the number of a nation’s humans was a tactical advantage (Deane 18). During the first two booms, China overlooked the real condition of its population growth rate, and even though a nationwide population-planning program was introduced in 1970 in response to the rapid growth, it was never fully enforced, because the Chinese government was unaware of the costly consequences of overpopulation. By 1985, China had entered its third boom which was instigated by the offspring of the second baby boom as they reached their peak reproductive years (Hou 26-28). In response to the continuously growing population,

Related Documents