Essay about Children in African American Community at risk of the HIV/

2091 Words 9 Pages
Children in African American Community at risk of the HIV/AIDS
Many African Americans are at high risk of the HIV infection and many of them are unaware or have a lack of access to care, education and prevention services. With African American’s making up fourteen percent of the population, they make up almost half of all people infected with HIV. According to, Exploring the Social and Community Context of African American Adolescents’ HIV Vulnerability (2013), African American communities bear the burden of disproportionately high rates of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) nationwide. Although African Americans represented only 14% of the U.S. population, they comprised 44% of
…show more content…
Culturally relevant interventions to reduce risky sexual behaviors remain one promising approach to reducing these impacts for African American youth. Multiple reviews have demonstrated that behavioral interventions shown to be most efficacious are culturally tailored and preceded by formative ethnographic research to inform intervention development. Successful behavioral interventions shown to reduce HIV risk behaviors typically focus narrowly on specific behaviors relevant to the target population, include clear messages about situations leading to risk behaviors, and describe methods to prevent these situations (Gloppen, K. M., Romero, L., Galbraith, J., & Wilson-Williams, L. 2010).
African American youth continue to be disproportionately represented in the incidence and prevalence of HIV despite numerous prevention efforts that target adolescent populations and declines in sexual risk behavior among youth in general during the last decade. Several studies examining individual-level behavioral factors have failed to explain the health disparity in HIV prevalence. African American youth experience higher rates of HIV and other STIs, even when their sexual behavior is normative. These findings suggest the need to expand beyond the examination of individual-level factors and to consider contextual issues such as economic, geographic and cultural influences (Lightfoot and Milburn

Related Documents