Assyria, a Powerful Ancient Empire Essay

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Assyria, a powerful ancient empire, once sprawled across the entirety of the Fertile Crescent. It encompassed land in four modern day countries: Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Today, the Assyrian people live in these areas, although many migrated to the Caucasus, North America, and Europe during the past century. The culture's current language is various Neo-Aramaic dialects, and they also speak the native tongue of their country of residence. Despite having been persecuted, the Assyrian culture still exists today.

Although it was once a mighty empire, Assyria was destroyed by a Chaldean-Median coalition in 612-609 BC. Before this, the Assyrian empire had had a fluctuation in power and dominion over the surrounding nations. The
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Assyrians also speak the tongues of their country of residence. These languages usually include Arabic, Armenian, Persian, and Turkish.

Assyrians were first persecuted in Turkey, and World War I saw the first massive persecution of the Assyrians. Nearly two-thirds of the Assyrians who lived in Turkey were killed in the Assyrian Genocide of 1915. The remaining party was forced out of Turkey and into Iran and Iraq with many dying on the journey. After WWI, Assyrians tried to lobby for protection from the League of Nations. However, they were ignored and the Iraqi government warned the parties to cease efforts for foreign protection and land in Iraq. In August 11-16,1933, Iraqi troops massacred 3000-5000 Assyrians. After WWII, Assyrians began to settle in countries outside the Middle East, namely North America. Conflict between Iran and Iraq, in the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), had taken its toll on the Assyrians as well, causing many more to flee the countries. The Persian Gulf War in 1990-1991 also caused another mass exodus of Assyrians from Iraq.

Today, the once great empire of Assyria is little more than a scattered culture. Despite the destruction of this nation, and the persecution they suffered, Assyrians still thrive today. Although the Assyrians are no longer gathered in a single domain, the scattered remnants still hold to their heritage, a unique and ancient culture.

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