Anabolic Steroids for Non-Therapeutic Use Essay examples

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Anabolic Steroids for non-therapeutic use

Competition is in our blood. The human drive to compete-and-win—in the Ice Age hunters fighting to drag home the biggest woolly mammoth, the ancient Greek athlete aiming for a greater distance in the discus toss, and the modern weightlifter pushing for the gold medal—has been linked to steroid hormones, namely testosterone and its derivatives, circulating within us. In the latter half the last century, many looking for an added edge have turned to synthetic testosterone-like anabolic-androgenic steroids to build muscle and enhance competitive drive.

The ingestion of substances for better performance is not new. Ancient Greek athletes took in lots of protein to build muscle. Norse warriors
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at over 1 million (4). Most users are males, but the number of female users is increasing. Among participants in weightlifting competitions some have estimated the prevalence of steroid use at 75 percent (13).

Getting truthful information about who uses anabolic steroid for non-medical purposes is just one obstacle to studying the drug’s effects. Megadosing is another factor that confounds useful studies. Doses used by athletes are inconsistent and far exceed therapeutic doses. Athletes attempting to bulk up reportedly consume doses 100 to 1,000 times those prescribed for medical purposes. The normal therapeutic daily dose is 1 to 5 milligrams. Also, combinations of steroids are usually used, a practice known as "stacking." This makes it difficult to track the effects of a single substance. And, steroids are often "stacked" with other drugs such as stimulants, depressants, painkillers, and anti-inflammatories. The supraphysiological doses of multiple drugs are cycled over a period of 4 to 48 weeks to achieve the desired effects and avoid detection. Cycling is often scheduled around performance events and testing periods. Individual abusers therefore have different types and levels of steroid concentrations from time to time and from each other (24, 8).

There are over 100 anabolic steroids available (8). Far fewer are available on the black market. And those obtained on the black market

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