Work Place Safety And Patient Safety

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Focus Sheet 2: Work Place Safety/Patient Safety
Define the terms, Safety, error, Adverse event, near miss and event according to the Institute of Medicine
While examining safety and precautionary measures on the job it is important to have clear universal definitions to refer to when discussing safety. The Institute of Medicine provided definitions to clarify certain safety terms, which were published in 1998, and are known as a common language regarding safety. The key safety terms issued by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) are provided in hopes to remove potential break down of communication between care providers.
According to the IOM, safety is considered as the freedom from fortuitous affliction (Finkelman & Kenner 411). There are many ways a nurse may encourage safety, few examples include; proper hand washing, patient identification as well as prophylactic measures to prevent infections.
Error is another key term
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Examples of hazards include: tuberculosis, hepatitis, and human immunodeficiency virus. There are a variety of ways in which a nurse could infect him or herself while dealing with an infected patient, such as an accidental needle stick, as well as coming in contact with bio-waste. All health care providers should treat body fluids as if they were known to be contaminated with such biohazards as precautionary measure. Lack of safe patient handling poses a safety threat to no only the patient but the nurse as well. When moving patients it is important to value your physical well being as well as the patient’s. Understanding the risks involved with moving a patient without assistive equipment or other colleagues may jeopardize your ability to perform your job in the future. A nurse must value his or hers own body, and understand that it is an amazing piece of machinery that has been trained to care for others, and that misuse of the machinery may greatly impact the it’s ability to

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