What Was The Cold War And How Did It Start? Essay

2042 Words Nov 15th, 2014 9 Pages
What was the Cold War and how did it start? “When Ivan meets G.I. Joe” ~Joe Strummer, The Clash The Cold War described in the simplest way was the intense ideological conflict between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, with each side vying for dominance and exploiting any opportunity for expansion. In reality it involved the Western Bloc, which included the United States and its NATO allies, pitted against the Eastern Bloc, the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact. It should be noted that the use of the term “allies” for the members of the Warsaw Pact is slightly incorrect, as these countries were satellite states of the Soviet Union, while formally independent they were brutally controlled by the Soviets politically, economically and militarily. Although there is no actual consensus amongst historians about the dates of the Cold War, the general view lists them as 1947 -1991. The term “cold war” was used because there was no large scale fighting directly between the two sides, although the two sides did engage in proxy wars with each other. Proxy wars included conflicts in Korea, Vietnam, Angola, the Middle East, Afghanistan, Greece, and Latin American. The two superpowers never engaged in direct armed combat due to each sides nuclear deterrent. The proliferation of the two superpowers’ nuclear arsenals led to the completely absurd doctrine called “mutually assured destruction (MAD),” although MAD did prevent all out…

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