Check And Balances

Improved Essays
“Each branch of government has a check upon the other, and the two must balance one

another to consummate the action. Even if each branch eyed the other skeptically, they were

motivated to cooperate.” (Fox and Pope, p.94) The ability to check and balance is necessary in

the government and in economics. Citizens of nations ruled by kings only serve the purpose of

promoting the wealth of the king. Economies dominated by companies with monopolies don’t

flourish, due to the lack of competition. However, when economies and governments are

designed to run according to natural processes with checks and balances, the bounties are far

greater. The idea of checks and balances applies to Adam Smith’s market economy in relation to,

the
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King James, in “The Trew

Laws of Free Monarchies” states, “…it is certain that a King can never be so monstrously

vicious, but he will generally favor justice, and maintain some order, except in the particulars,

wherein his inordinate lusts and passions carry him away…” King James seems confident that

his job is done good enough, but not to the uttermost farthing. Because his responsibilities are

strung so wide, he is only able to maintain “some order.” The genius behind our national

government, is the specialization of each branch. For example, the executive branch will

negotiate a treaty. The senate, part of the legislative branch, will ratify the treaty, after careful

review. Finally, the judicial branch will maintain the treaty to be lawful. Then it is finalized.

Imagine the improvement made in a paper, after being peer reviewed three times! The

improvement is exceptional. Specialization or a division of labor, maintained by checks and

balances, produces higher quality work and a greater abundance.

John Locke said that all men have the right to “life, liberty, and property.” The ability
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Surprisingly, it works

to the advantage of the person being bargained with as well. Otherwise, the bargain wouldn’t pan

out. Our economy only works because everyone benefits, and when someone isn’t benefitting, it

starts to get a makeover. Similarly, the principle of self-interest applies to the government as

well. The interest of the judicial branch is interpreting the law according to the constitution. The

interest of the legislative branch, is creating and passing laws that will promote the welfare of

those they represent. The interest of the executive branch, is the direction the nation should

pursue. However, none of these can pursue a course without needing the approval of another

branch. Therefore, the need for deal making and bargaining becomes a necessity. When laws are

written, the possibilities of what the president might think are certainly taken into consideration,

because he must ratify the proposal, before it can take effect. Similarly, if the President wants a

bill to pass, the legislature must ratify it as well. One can imagine the stalemates that spawn from

both branches of government constantly vetoing the other’s proposals. So the strategy

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