What Is Stress? Identifying the Causes, Effects, and Dealing with Them.

2424 Words Feb 17th, 2013 10 Pages
What is stress? Identifying the causes, effects, and dealing with them.
Stress is present in everybody. It occurs daily in people’s lives. “Who’s not stressed? That’s just life. Life is stress,” says Kathleen Hall, founder of the Stress Institute in Atlanta (Jayson, 2012). Stress is a body condition that occurs in response to actual or anticipated difficulties in life (Rice, 1987). “The most current definitions state that stress is the mental and physical response and adaptation by our bodies to the real or perceived changes and challenges in our lives” (Donatelle, Rebecca 73) . There are many causes of stress and many different ways to handle stress. Most of our stress results from work and trickles down into our lives and cost us
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There are five main stressors which include biological variables, environmental circumstances, life situations, behaviors, and cognitive activities. The biological variables affect a person’s physical state including illness and physical extortion. Natural disasters, poverty, overcrowding, and noise pollution are examples of environmental circumstances that cause stress. Life situations that cause stress include the death of a loved one, moving, losing a job, or just being in a group of strangers. Behaviors that may act as stressors include smoking, drinking, drug abuse, and poor eating habits. Making good grades, being competitive, or repeatedly trying to accomplish a goal are examples of cognitive or thinking activities that cause stress. Stressors may not affect everyone the same way. Some people can handle stress very well and others seem to display many signs of stress. These people do not feel in control, and they want to avoid coping with the situation (Rice). Thousands of people seek medical or psychological help for emotional distress. One out of three marriages end in divorce. Sixteen out of one-hundred thousand Americans commit suicide because they have not found lasting happiness. “According to a survey conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians, eight percent of business executives, sixty-six percent of teachers and secretaries, forty-four percent of garment workers, and thirty-eight percent of farmers…

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