Weaknesses Of The Cold War

1497 Words 6 Pages
The Cold War lasted nearly 45 years because neither the United States nor the Soviet Union wanted to compromise their political or religious ideals. Both nations considered their way of thinking to be the best, and the looming threat of nuclear warfare further escalated the tension. A stalemate resulted from the countries’ inability to address their differences, especially those on politics, economics, and religion. When the United States and the Soviet Union began to address their differences, both had seen significant increases in arms productions and were facing their fears that the Cold War might turn hot. The United States held that democracy was the best government for all people. Because the Soviet Union ran under a totalitarian regime, …show more content…
Wisconsin Senator Joseph R. McCarthy spurred the country’s hatred for communism by outing communist individuals in politics and entertainment. In his speech delivered in Wheeling, West Virginia in 1950, McCarthy stated that he had “57 cases of individuals who would appear to be either card carrying members or certainly loyal to the Communist Party, but who nevertheless are still helping to shape our foreign policy” (RAP 223). The constant fear mongering created a “pervasive atmosphere of fear” (Foner 905). As the American public grew anxious due to McCarthy’s accusations, states required teachers, pharmacists, and other professionals to declare their loyalty to the United States (Foner 906). Anticommunism also shaped the political atmosphere during the Cold War. Republicans often accused Democrats of communist behavior, conflating liberalism with socialism. Democrats retaliated by redefining the party’s platform, employing “aggressive anticommunism” to thwart Republican attacks (Foner 907). If any individual was found to associate with communists, either in the past or present, that person faced the possibility of job loss (Foner 907). The constant accusations against politicians created an environment rife with fear, and although McCarthy claimed that up to 205 communists worked for the State Department, he never identified a single guilty individual (Foner 905). His attacks worked to rile up the American public …show more content…
After China obtained a new government, the United States refused to recognize the communist party, headed by Mao Zedong (Foner 888). Shortly after, the National Security Council (NSC) met and decided to pursue a “global crusade against communism” (Foner 888). The council proposed a plan to dramatically increase military spending: “In the broadest terms, the ability to perform these tasks requires a build-up of military strength by the United States and its allies…” (RAP 220). The NSC’s goal then was to produce more weapons than the Soviet Union in order to properly defend itself and its

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